[Home ] [Archive]   [ فارسی ]  
:: Main :: About :: Current Issue :: Archive :: Search :: Submit :: Contact ::
:: Volume 7, Issue 2 (Military Caring Sciences 2020) ::
MCS 2020, 7(2): 168-175 Back to browse issues page
The Role of Sense of Coherence and Personal Intelligence in Prediction the Craving of Substance Abusers
Hajloo. N1 , Ahmadi. SH2 , Gharibzadeh. R * 3
1- Ph.D. Psychology, Professor, Faculty of Educational Sciences and Psychology, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran.
2- Ph.D. Students in Psychology, Faculty of Educational Sciences and Psychology, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran.
3- (*Corresponding Author) Ph.D. Students in Educational Administration, Faculty of Educational Sciences and Psychology, University of MohagheghArdabili, Ardabil, Iran.
Abstract:   (1342 Views)
Introduction: Drug abuse has been affected by a combination of individual, family and social factors. Craving for drug abuse has been recognized as a predictor of negative outcomes of treatment of drug abuse disorders.
Objective: The present study aimed to determine the role of a sense of coherence and personal intelligence in the prediction of the craving of drug users
Material and Methods:  The present study is descriptive and correlational. The population of the study consisted of all drug users who referred to treatment centers in the first half of 2018 in the outpatient departments of Kermanshah province, a total of 120 individuals were selected through cluster random sampling. Data collection tools consisted of three questionnaires including a sense of coherence, personal intelligence and craving. Data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, Pearson correlation coefficient and multiple regressions using SPSS 25
Results: The results of correlation coefficients showed that the craving had a negative and significant relationship with the total score of sense of coherence, that of the components of Comprehensibility, Controllability, Significance and Configuration, meaningful and shaping (P<0/01). The results of the regression analysis showed that 30 percent of craving variance was explained by a sense of coherence, and personal intelligence.
Discussion and Conclusion: Accordingly, the sense of coherence and personal intelligence is one of the variables related to craving that can be targeted for the prevention, treatment and depression of these variables.

Keywords: Craving, Drug Users, Intelligence, Sense of Coherence.
Full-Text [PDF 492 kb]   (163 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2019/02/3 | Accepted: 2019/09/7 | Published: 2020/10/1
1. Miller P. Principles of addiction: comprehensive addictive behaviors and disorders: Academic Press; 2013.
2. Uceyler N, Burgmer M, Friedel E, Greiner W, Petzke F, Sarholz M, et al. [Etiology and pathophysiology of fibromyalgia syndrome : Updated guidelines 2017, overview of systematic review articles and overview of studies on small fiber neuropathy in FMS subgroups]. Schmerz. 2017;31(3):239-45. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00482-017-0202-5 www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28493226 [DOI] [PubMed]
3. Ahrnsbrak R, Bose J, Hedden SL, Lipari RN, Park-Lee E. Key substance use and mental health indicators in the United States: Results from the 2016 National Survey on Drug Use and Health. Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration: Rockville, MD, USA. 2017.
4. Kober H, Bolling D. Emotion regulation in substance use disorders. Handbook of emotion regulation. 22014. p. 428-46.
5. Auriacombe M, Dubernet J, Sarram S, Daulouède J, Fatséas M. Traitements pharmacologiques dans les addictions: pour une approche transversale et simplifiée. Traité d'addictologie: Lavoisier Paris; 2016. p. 307-10.
6. Serre F, Fatseas M, Swendsen J, Auriacombe M. Ecological momentary assessment in the investigation of craving and substance use in daily life: a systematic review. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2015;148:1-20. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2014.12.024 www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25637078 [DOI]
7. Bresin K, Verona E. Craving and substance use: Examining psychophysiological and behavioral moderators. Inter J Psychophysiology. 2019;3(18):1-12. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijpsycho.2019.03.006 [DOI]
8. Antonovsky A. Unraveling the mystery of health: How people manage stress and stay well. San Francisco: Jossey-bass; 1987.
9. Bengtsson-Tops A, Hansson L. The validity of Antonovsky's Sense of Coherence measure in a sample of schizophrenic patients living in the community. J Adv Nurs. 2001;33(4):432-8. http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2648.2001.01692.x www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11251730 [DOI] [PubMed]
10. Borchgrevink C. Predicting Alcohol Consumption in Hospitality Populations Using Sense of Coherence. J Tourism & Hospitality Management. 2017;5(1). http://dx.doi.org/10.17265/2328-2169/2017.02.003 [DOI]
11. Arghabaei M, Soleimanian A, Mohammadipour M. The Role of Family Emotional Atmosphere, Sense of Coherence, and Affects in the Prediction of Tendency Toward Substance Use Among University Students. Iranian J Psychiatry & Clinical Psychology. 2018. http://dx.doi.org/10.32598/ijpcp.24.3.310 [DOI]
12. Najder A. Sense of Coherence, Smoking Status, Biochemical Cardiovascular Risk Factors and Body Mass in Blue Collar Workers-Short Report. Am J Mens Health. 2018;12(4):894-9. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1557988317748393 www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29313407 [DOI] [PubMed]
13. Grevenstein D, Bluemke M, Nagy E, Wippermann C, Kroeninger-Jungaberle H. Sense of coherence and substance use: Examining mutual influences. Personality and Individual Differences. 2014;64:52-7. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2014.02.017 [DOI]
14. Mayer JD, Panter AT, Caruso DR. Does personal intelligence exist? Evidence from a new ability-based measure. J Pers Assess. 2012;94(2):124-40. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00223891.2011.646108 www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22339306 [DOI] [PubMed]
15. Allen JL. Personal Intelligence and Learning about Personality in Everyday Life. 2017.
16. Mayer JD, Salovey P, Caruso DR. TARGET ARTICLES: "Emotional Intelligence: Theory, Findings, and Implications". Psychological Inquiry. 2004;15(3):197-215. http://dx.doi.org/10.1207/s15327965pli1503_02 [DOI]
17. Dumitrescu AL, Badiṭã D, Dogaru CB, Toma C, Duṭã C. The Association of Social Desirability and Social Intelligence with Smoking among Undergraduates. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences. 2014;159:552-6. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2014.12.423 [DOI]
18. Ahmadi S, Yaghouti H, Fallahi V. The role of ethical enthusiasm and social intelligence in predicting the craving of drug users. J of Research in Addiction Research. 2017;11(44):155-68.
19. Raisjouyan Z, Talebi M, Ghasimi Shahgaldi F, Abdollahian E. Investigating the effect of emotional intelligence on the addiction relapse after quitting. Asia Pacific J Med Toxicology. 2014;3(1):27-30.
20. Luminet O, Cordovil de Sousa Uva M, Fantini C, de Timary P. The association between depression and craving in alcohol dependency is moderated by gender and by alexithymia factors. Psychiatry Res. 2016;239:28-38. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2016.02.062 www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27137959 [DOI] [PubMed]
21. Delavar A. Theoretical and scientific resources of research in humanities and social sciences. Tehran: Roshd publication; 2006.
22. Somoza E, Dyrenforth S, Goldsmith J, Mezinskis J, Cohen M, editors. In search of a universal drug craving scale. annual meeting of the American Psychiatric Association, Miami, FL; 1995.
23. Basharpoor S. Relationships between cognitive emotion regulation and effortful control with severity of dependence and craving in people with substance dependency. J of Substance Abuse Addiction Research. 2014;7(28):131-46.
24. Antonovsky A. The structure and properties of the sense of coherence scale. Social Science & Medicine. 1993;36(6):725-33. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0277-9536(93)90033-z [DOI]
25. Rohani C, Khanjari S, Abedi HA, Oskouie F, Langius-Eklof A. Health index, sense of coherence scale, brief religious coping scale and spiritual perspective scale: psychometric properties. J Adv Nurs. 2010;66(12):2796-806. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2648.2010.05409.x www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20722813 [DOI] [PubMed]
26. Lustig DC, Rosenthal DA, Strauser DR, Haynes K. The Relationship Between Sense of Coherence and Adjustment in Persons with Disabilities. Rehabilitation Counseling Bulletin. 2016;43(3):134-41. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/003435520004300302 [DOI]
27. Vifladt A, Simonsen BO, Lydersen S, Farup PG. The association between patient safety culture and burnout and sense of coherence: A cross-sectional study in restructured and not restructured intensive care units. Intensive Crit Care Nurs. 2016;36:26-34. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.iccn.2016.03.004 www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27212614 [DOI] [PubMed]
28. Mahammadzadeh A, Poursharifi H, Alipour A. Validation of Sense of Coherence (SOC) 13-item scale in Iranian sample. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences. 2010;5:1451-5. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2010.07.306 [DOI]
29. Mayer JD, Allen JL. A Personality Framework for the Unification of Psychology. Review of General Psychology. 2013;17(2):196-202. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/a0032934 [DOI]
30. Nilsson KW, Starrin B, Simonsson B, Leppert J. Alcohol-related problems among adolescents and the role of a sense of coherence. Inter J Social Welfare. 2007;16(2):159-67. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-2397.2006.00452.x [DOI]
31. Eriksson M, Lindstrom B, Lilja J. A sense of coherence and health. Salutogenesis in a societal context: Aland, a special case? J Epidemiol Community Health. 2007;61(8):684-8. http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/jech.2006.047498 www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17630366 [DOI] [PubMed]
Send email to the article author

Add your comments about this article
Your username or Email:


XML   Persian Abstract   Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

N H, SH A, R G. The Role of Sense of Coherence and Personal Intelligence in Prediction the Craving of Substance Abusers. MCS. 2020; 7 (2) :168-175
URL: http://mcs.ajaums.ac.ir/article-1-246-en.html

Volume 7, Issue 2 (Military Caring Sciences 2020) Back to browse issues page
مجله علوم مراقبتی نظامی Military Caring Sciences Journal
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.05 seconds with 29 queries by YEKTAWEB 4269