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:: Volume 6, Issue 4 (Military Caring Sciences 2020) ::
MCS 2020, 6(4): 267-275 Back to browse issues page
The Role of Self-Compassion and Ego Strength on Secondary Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder in Wives of War Veterans
Abdoulmaleki. L1 , Amiri. H 2, Hosseini SS3 , Afshariniya K4
1- Ph.D. Student of Psychology, Psychology Department, Faculty of Humanities, Kermanshah Branch, Islamic Azad University, Kermanshah, Iran.
2- (Corresponding Author) Ph.D. in Psychology, Assistant Professor, Psychology Department, Faculty of Humanities, Kermanshah Branch, Islamic Azad University, Kermanshah, Iran. Email: Ahasan.amiri@yahoo.com
3- Ph.D. in Psychology, Assistant Professor, Department of Psychology, Faculty of Humanities, Kermanshah Branch, Islamic Azad University, Kermanshah, Iran.
4- Ph.D. in Consulting, Assistant Professor, Psychology Department, Faculty of Humanities, Kermanshah Branch, Islamic Azad University, Kermanshah, Iran.
Abstract:   (478 Views)
Introduction: Since the World Health Organization has introduced mental health something beyond the mere absence of mental illness, Researches increasingly focus on positive personality traits and individuals’ internal resources in the coping of psychological distress.
Objective: The present study was aimed to investigate the role of self-compassion
and ego strength on secondary post-traumatic stress disorder in wives of the war
veterans.
Materials and Methods: In this descriptive correlational study, our final sample consisted of 152 participants, who were the wives of war veterans with secondary post-traumatic stress disorder in Kermanshah province in 2019. The subjects were selected by purposive sampling method. To collect the data Reis et al.’s Self-Compassion Scale, psychological ego strength scale and Secondary Trauma Questionnaire (STQ) were used. Data were analyzed using the Pearson correlation coefficient and simple linear Regression by SPSS 25.
Results: The results indicated that the mean score for variables was: secondary post-traumatic stress (63.43±10.55), Self-compassion (20.91±7.15) and ego strength (60.07 ± 10.69). Moreover, Both Self-compassion (r=-0.416, P<0.05) and ego strength (r=-0.278) had negative significant correlation with secondary posttraumatic stress disorder. Based on regression analysis, Self-compassion (β=-0.37) and ego strength (β=-0.20) were the negative significant predictors of secondary post-traumatic stress.
Discussion and Conclusion: Based on the findings of this research, reducing the level of positive personality traits, such as the self-compassion and ego strength as a source of coping in the secondary victims of trauma, the risk of their Psychopathology increases. It is suggested that the role of these factors in treating trauma and stressrelated disorders be considered.
 
Keywords: Compassion Fatigue, Ego, Post-Traumatic, Stress Disorders, Spouses, Veterans.
Full-Text [PDF 460 kb]   (147 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2019/07/16 | Accepted: 2019/09/17 | Published: 2020/03/9
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L A, H A, SS H, K A. The Role of Self-Compassion and Ego Strength on Secondary Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder in Wives of War Veterans. MCS. 2020; 6 (4) :267-275
URL: http://mcs.ajaums.ac.ir/article-1-307-en.html


Volume 6, Issue 4 (Military Caring Sciences 2020) Back to browse issues page
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