:: Volume 5, Issue 2 (Military Caring Sciences 2018) ::
MCS 2018, 5(2): 137-145 Back to browse issues page
The Survey of Oral-Dental Health of Elementary School Students of Tehran City and its Related Factors
Goodarzi. A Mrs1, Hidarnia. A Dr 2, Tavafian. SS Dr3, Eslami. M Dr4
1- Ph.D., Student Health Education and Promotion, Iran, Tehran, Tarbiat Modares University, Faculty of Health Sciences, Health Education Department.
2- Ph.D ., Health Education, Professor, Iran, Tehran, Tarbiat Modares University, Faculty of Health Sciences, Health Education Department.
3- Ph.D., Health Education, Professor, Iran, Tehran, Tarbiat Modares University, Faculty of Health Sciences, Health Education Department.
4- Ph.D., Health Education, Assistant Professor, Iran, Tehran, Ministry of Health and Medical Education, Family and Schools Office.
Abstract:   (2932 Views)
Introduction: Oral-dental health is one of the most important parts of public health that has a significant effect on quality of life.
Objective: This study aimed to survey the oral health 5th grade female students in Tehran and its related factors.
Material and Methods: In this analytic- descriptive study, the oral health of 416 students in the academic year of 2016-2017 was assessed by systematic cluster sampling method. The data were collected by researcher-made questionnaires and their validity and reliability were confirmed. The collected data were analyzed using SPSS 21.
Results: The mean of age of subjects was 10.88±0.62 years, only 55.3% of these students brush their teeth less than twice a day, 22.4% use dental floss at least once a day, and 23.1% check their teeth every six months. The main sources of oral health information in students were teachers and health educators. The mean and standard deviation of score from knowledge and performance were 41.21±22.30, and 53.33±19.6, respectively. Also, family income and parents’ education had a positive and significant correlation with the practice (P>0.01), but awareness has a significant correlation with just parents ‹education (P<0.05).
Discussion and Conclusion: Some of the studied students had the oral health knowledge and practice. The more parental educational level is, the more awareness and practice the students get. According to the survey, the richest information resources are teachers and health trainers. It seems that instructor-based educational interventions can be efficient.

Keywords: Oral health, Primary School Students, Practice.
Full-Text [PDF 531 kb]   (368 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Applicable | Subject: Special
Received: 2018/09/30 | Accepted: 2018/10/20
1. Keikhaee R, Rakhshani F, Fijan S, Keikhaee M, Rad JS, Roostaee F. The effectiveness of oral health education by peers on knowledge and performance of students in Zabol, Iran. Inter J Res in Med Sci. 2017;2(1):222-7. DOI: 10.5455/2320-6012.ijrms20140243 [DOI]
2. Onik E. Missing persons: African Americans in dental hygiene. American Dental Hygienists Association. 2009;83(2):62-9.
3. Organization WH. Oral health surveys: basic methods: World Health Organization; 2013.
4. Dye BA. The Global Burden of Oral Disease: Research and Public Health Significance. J Dent Res. 2017;96(4):361-3. DOI: 10.1177/0022034517693567 PMID: 28318392 [DOI] [PubMed]
5. Bethell CD, Newacheck P, Hawes E, Halfon N. Adverse childhood experiences: assessing the impact on health and school engagement and the mitigating role of resilience. Health Affairs. 2014;33(12):2106-15.
6. Kwan SY, Petersen PE, Pine CM, Borutta A. Health-promoting schools: an opportunity for oral health promotion. Bull World Health Organ. 2005;83(9):677-85. DOI: /S0042-96862005000900013 PMID: 16211159 [DOI] [PubMed]
7. Locker D, Matear D, Stephens M, Jokovic A. Oral health-related quality of life of a population of medically compromised elderly people. Community dental health. 2002;19(2):90-7.
8. Machuca G, Khoshfeiz O, Lacalle JR, Machuca C, Bullon P. The influence of general health and socio-cultural variables on the periodontal condition of pregnant women. J Periodontol. 1999;70(7):779-85. DOI: 10.1902/jop.1999.70.7.779 PMID: 10440640 [DOI] [PubMed]
9. Freddo SL, Aerts DR, Abegg C, Davoglio R, Vieira PC, Monteiro L. [Oral hygiene habits and use of dental services among teenage students in a city in southern Brazil]. Cad Saude Publica. 2008;24(9):1991-2000. PMID: 18813675 [PubMed]
10. Goodarzi A, Hidarnia A, Tavafian SS, Eslami M. Measurement of Health Belief Model Constructs in Relation with the Oral Health Practice of Female Students in Tehran. Health Education & Health Promotion. 2017;5(4):25-37.
11. Goodarzi A, Heidarnia A, Niknami S, Heidarnia M. Efficacy of Educational Film for Enhancing Oral Health Knowledge, Attitude and Performance of Elementary Students. Journal of Dental School, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences. 2014;32(4):197-201.
12. Zamani Alavijeh F. HBM trail in controlling tooth plaque in Araki primary school students in 2003-2004. ZJRMS. 2005;4(9):45-56.
13. Fallahinejad Ghajari M, Razavi S. Knowledge and attitude toward oral and dental health among Zahedan's guidance school students. Shahid Beheshti University Dental Journal. 2007;24(4):492-8.
15. Motlagh ME, Ziaodini H, Qorbani M, Taheri M, Aminaei T, Goodarzi A, et al. Methodology and Early Findings of the Fifth Survey of Childhood and Adolescence Surveillance and Prevention of Adult Noncommunicable Disease: The CASPIAN-V Study. Int J Prev Med. 2017;8:4. DOI: 10.4103/2008-7802.198915 PMID: 28217266 [DOI] [PubMed]
16. Fallahinejad Ghajari M, Mirshekar Z, Razavi S. Knowledge and attitude toward oral and dental health among Zahedan's guidance school students. J Dent Sch. 2006;24(4):492-8.
17. Nourbakhsh N, Talebi A, Heidari A. Microbial contamination of toothbrushes. J Dent Sch. 2005;23(2):342-54.
18. Ajayia EO, Yetunde OA. Attitudes to malocclusion in a Nigerian school population. J Med & Biomed Res. 2006;5(1):16-23.
19. Ghandahari-Motlagh M, Zeraati H. Dental health status in 3-5 year old kindergarten children in Tehran-Iran in 2003. J Dentistry of Tehran University of Med Sci. 2005;2(1):18-20.
20. MirzaeiAlavijeh M, Jalilian F, Baghiani Moghadam M, Hatamzadeh N, ZinatMotlagh F, Dahaghin N. Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Elementary Schools Students about Oral Health in Yazd. Iranian J Pediatric Dentistry. 2013;9(1):43-50.
21. Mohamadkhah F, Amin Shokravi F, Karimy M, Faghihzadeh S. Effects of lecturing on selfcare oral health behaviors of elementary students. Med J Islam Repub Iran. 2014;28:86. PMID: 25664287 [PubMed]
22. Porhashemi S, Mahmodian J. Evolutions of dental caries prevalence and prevention in Iran and other countries. J Dental Med. 1993;6(1):1-7.

XML   Persian Abstract   Print

Volume 5, Issue 2 (Military Caring Sciences 2018) Back to browse issues page