:: Volume 9, Issue 3 (Military Caring Sciences 2022) ::
MCS 2022, 9(3): 289-298 Back to browse issues page
Causes of Death in Children Aged 1-59 Months in Neyshabur City from 2015 to 2019
Maryam Nasrabadi1 , Samanesadat Hoseini2 , Esmat Taghiyabadi3 , Fatemeh Bozhabadi3 , Somayeh Borji4 , Hasan Ghodsi * 5
1- Ph.D., Student in Health Education and Health Promotion, Public Health Department, Neyshabur University of Medical Sciences, Neyshabor, Iran
2- Public Health Expert, Vice-Chancellor of Health, Neyshabur University of Medical Sciences, Neyshabur, Iran
3- MD in General Medicine, Vice-Chancellor of Health, Neyshabur University of Medical Sciences, Neyshabur, Iran
4- MSc Student in Geriatric Health, Yazd Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran
5- PhD of Health in Disasters and Emergencies, Assistant Professor, Nursing and Emergency Medicine Department, Neyshabur University of Medical Sciences, Neyshabur, Iran,
Abstract:   (977 Views)
Introduction: The mortality rate of children under 5 years is one of the important indicators of health development. Investigating child mortality to identify the causes and design preventable interventions for similar deaths is one of the most important strategies to promote children's health.
Objective: This study aimed to determine the causes of death of children aged 1-59 months covered by the Faculty of Medical Sciences of Neishabur, Neyshabur, Iran, from 2015-2019.
Materials and Methods: In this descriptive cross-sectional study, we analyzed the data of the death files of 112 children aged 1-59 months in Neyshabur from 2015-2019. Required data were extracted from registration forms of the Child Health Office of the Ministry of Health and Medical Education of Iran. Data analyses were performed in SPSS-21 software by descriptive and analytical statistics at a significant level of 0.05.
Results: The results showed that the mortality rate of children increased by 2.4% during the study period. The main causes of death in children were congenital anomalies (32.14%), respiratory system diseases and chronic diseases (16.96%), non-traffic accidents (12.5%), and road traffic accidents (9.8%) in descending order. Statistical analysis showed that there was a significant relationship between children's age and their death due to road traffic accidents and non-traffic accidents (P<0.05).
Conclusion: Since congenital and anomalies chromosomal abnormalities were the leading causes of death in children in this study, it seems that most of these deaths can be preventable by implementing intervention programs, such as genetic counseling and screening exams during pregnancy.
Keywords: Children, Death, Infants, Iran, Mortality
Full-Text [PDF 611 kb]   (416 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Health education and health promotion
Received: 2021/10/21 | Accepted: 2022/03/15 | Published: 2022/12/1
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