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:: Volume 8, Issue 3 (Military Caring Sciences 2021) ::
MCS 2021, 8(3): 274-287 Back to browse issues page
Comparison of The Effect of Using Back Massage with Hand and Warm Towel on Muscle Pain and Pulmonary Function of Patients Undergoing Open Heart Surgery Hospitalized in Selected Military Hospital in Shiraz
Marzieh Zare1 , Fatemeh Kalroozi * 2, Maryam Nezamzadeh3 , Armin Zareiyan4
1- MSc in Special Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Aja University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
2- Ph.D., in Nursing, Pediatric Department, Faculty of Nursing, Aja University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
3- MSc in Nursing, Instructor, Faculty of Nursing, Aja University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
4- Ph.D., in Nursing Education, Associate Professor, Health Department, Faculty of Nursing, Aja University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Abstract:   (274 Views)
Introduction: Pain management and promotion of pulmonary function are the most important goals in caring for patients undergone heart surgery and should be a priority in the care program.
Objective: The present study aimedto compare the effect of massage and hot towels on pain and pulmonary function in patients undergoing open-heart surgery.
Material and Methods: The study population of this clinical trial study consists of all patients undergoing open-heart surgery in the intensive care unit of selected Aja hospitals of Shiraz in the second half of 2020. Ninety patients were selected by purposive sampling method and randomly assigned to three groups of heat therapy, massage therapy and control. For heat therapy group a 42 degree- heated towel was used, and for the massage therapy group, stroke massage was applied on the patient’s back in the second to fourth days after the operation. Visual pain scale and motivational spirometry results were used to collect data from the demographic information questionnaire. Data were analyzed using SPSS 21. The significance level was considered less than 0.05.
Results: In this study, the means of pain intensity and pulmonary function before the intervention were not significantly different in the three groups (P>0.05). But on the third and fourth days, it changed in the massage (P<0.001) and heat (P<0.001) groups. Massage therapy was more effective in reducing pain intensity.
Discussion and Conclusion: The use of back massage by hands and hot-towels affect muscular pain and pulmonary function of patients undergoing CABG. Besides, itreduces pain and improves pulmonary function in patients. However, the present study found the effectiveness of hand massage Therefore, it is recommended that nurses caring for open-heart surgery patients use these two methods specifically hand massage.
Keywords: Heat Therapy, Lung, Massage Therapy, Pain
Full-Text [PDF 742 kb]   (111 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2021/09/8 | Accepted: 2021/11/3 | Published: 2021/12/31
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Ethics code: 005.1400.REC.AJAUMS.IR
Clinical trials code: IRCT20201203049582N1


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Zare M, Kalroozi F, Nezamzadeh M, Zareiyan A. Comparison of The Effect of Using Back Massage with Hand and Warm Towel on Muscle Pain and Pulmonary Function of Patients Undergoing Open Heart Surgery Hospitalized in Selected Military Hospital in Shiraz. MCS. 2021; 8 (3) :274-287
URL: http://mcs.ajaums.ac.ir/article-1-494-en.html


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