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Open Access 
:: Volume 4, Issue 2 (Military Caring Sciences 2017) ::
MCS 2017, 4(2): 102-110 Back to browse issues page
Relationship between Self-efficacy and Perceived Stress in Spouses of Veterans with Post-traumatic Stress Disorder
Azam Sarbanan1 , Khalil Alimohammadzadeh * 2, Hamid Hojjati3
1- MSc in Nursing, Iran, Tehran, Islamic Azad University Tehran Medical Branch, Nursing Department.
2- Ph.D. in Health Services Management, Associate Professor, Iran, Tehran, Islamic Azad University Tehran North Branch, Health Services Management Department.
3- Ph.D. in Nursing, Iran, Aliabad Katoul, Islamic Azad University Aliabad Katoul Branch, Nursing Department.
Abstract:   (10214 Views)

Introduction: Living with someone who has a post-traumatic stress disorder of war can increase the stress and marital incompatibilities. These pressures can decrease the self-efficacy in veterans’ spouses.
Objective: This study was conducted to examine the relationship between self-efficacy and perceived stress in spouses of veterans suffering from post-traumatic stress disorder of war.
Material and Methods: In this descriptive correlational study, 187 spouses of veterans with post-traumatic stress disorder were selected from Kashan city using the simple random sampling method in 2016. The data collection tools were the Sherer self-efficacy questionnaire and perceived stress questionnaire, which were collected by the method of self-report. Then, the data were analyzed using descriptive statistics (mean, and standard deviation) and inferential statistics (Spearman correlation coefficient, Mann-Whitney test) by the SPSS 21 software.
Results: The rate of self-efficacy was 43.3±7.79 and the rate of perceived stress was 30.64±2.61. The Spearman correlation coefficient test showed a statistically significant correlation between self-efficacy and perceived stress (P=0.001, r= -0.4), so that with increasing self-efficacy, the perceived stress was reduced in veterans’ wives.
Discussion and Conclusion: This study shows that with increased self-efficacy, the amount of stress perceived by spouses of the veterans is reduced. Therefore, it is recommended to learn how to increase self-efficacy in coping with stress.

Keywords: Perceived Stress, PTSD, Self-efficacy, Spouses, Veterans.
Full-Text [PDF 385 kb]   (1719 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2017/03/3 | Accepted: 2017/05/20 | Published: 2017/09/26
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Sarbanan A, Alimohammadzadeh K, Hojjati H. Relationship between Self-efficacy and Perceived Stress in Spouses of Veterans with Post-traumatic Stress Disorder. MCS 2017; 4 (2) :102-110
URL: http://mcs.ajaums.ac.ir/article-1-164-en.html

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Volume 4, Issue 2 (Military Caring Sciences 2017) Back to browse issues page
علوم مراقبتی نظامی Military Caring Sciences
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