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Open Access 
:: Volume 6, Issue 3 (Military Caring Sciences 2019) ::
MCS 2019, 6(3): 187-197 Back to browse issues page
The Relationship and Predicting Role of Sleep Quality and Sexual Self-esteem in Secondary Post-traumatic Stress Disorder among Wives of Veterans
Leila Abdoulmalk1 , Hasan Amiri * 2, Saeedeh Sadat Hosseini3 , Borzoo Amirpour4 , Karim Afshariniya5
1- Ph.D. Student of Psychology, Psychology Department, Faculty of Humanities, Kermanshah Branch, Islamic Azad University, Kermanshah, Iran.
2- Ph.D. in Psychology, Assistant Professor, Psychology Department, Faculty of Humanities, Kermanshah Branch, Islamic Azad University, Kermanshah, Iran. Email: Ahasan.amiri@yahoo.com
3- Ph.D. in Psychology, Assistant Professor, Department of Psychology, Faculty of Humanities, Kermanshah Branch, Islamic Azad University, Kermanshah, Iran.
4- Ph.D. in Psychology, Assistant Professor, Psychology Department, Faculty of Humanities, Payame-Noor University Tehran, Tehran, Iran.
5- Ph.D. in Consulting, Assistant Professor, Psychology Department, Faculty of Humanities, Kermanshah Branch, Islamic Azad University, Kermanshah, Iran.
Abstract:   (3208 Views)
Introduction: Wives of veterans, due to close relationship and taking care of them, are identified as secondary or hidden victims of trauma. This indirect exposure to a stressful event brings psychological consequences for them.
Objective: The current study aimed at determining the relationship and predicting role of sleep quality and sexual self-esteem in secondary post-traumatic stress disorder among wives of veterans.
Material and Methods: The present descriptive-analytical study was performed on 152 wives of veterans with secondary post-traumatic stress disorder in Kermanshah Province, Iran in 2019. The subjects were selected by purposive sampling method. To collect data, the Pittsburgh sleep inventory, sexual self-esteem index for woman-short form (validation by Farokhi & Shareh), and secondary trauma questionnaire (STQ) were used. Data were analyzed by SPSS version 25 using Pearson correlation coefficient and simple linear regression.
Results: According to the findings, the mean ± standard deviation scores of sleep quality, sexual self-esteem, and secondary traumatic stress disorder were 13.00±3.88, 59.11±11.88, and 63.43±10.53, respectively. The results indicated a positive and significant relationship between low sleep quality and secondary traumatic stress (r= 0.345, P<0.01). In addition, there was a significant and negative correlation between sexual self-esteem and secondary traumatic stress (r = -0.298, P<0.01). The results of regression analysis showed that 32% of changes in secondary traumatic disorder can be explained by sleep quality and sexual self-esteem.
Discussion and Conclusion: Given the important role of sleep quality and sexual self-esteem in the predicting secondary traumatic stress disorder, it is suggested to consider the role of these factors in intervention programs for secondary traumatic stress disorder.
Keywords: Secondary Post-traumatic Stress Disorder, Self-esteem, Sleep, Veterans.
Full-Text [PDF 789 kb]   (1039 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2019/07/6 | Accepted: 2019/09/14 | Published: 2019/12/31
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Abdoulmalk L, Amiri H, Hosseini S S, Amirpour B, Afshariniya K. The Relationship and Predicting Role of Sleep Quality and Sexual Self-esteem in Secondary Post-traumatic Stress Disorder among Wives of Veterans. MCS 2019; 6 (3) :187-197
URL: http://mcs.ajaums.ac.ir/article-1-301-en.html

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Volume 6, Issue 3 (Military Caring Sciences 2019) Back to browse issues page
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