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:: Volume 8, Issue 2 (Military Caring Sciences 2021) ::
MCS 2021, 8(2): 117-126 Back to browse issues page
Evaluation of the Group Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy Effect on the Self-Satisfaction of Depressed Soldiers Hospitalized in the Psychiatric Ward of Selected Hospitals in Ahvaz
Donya Ghorbani1, Hengameh Habibi *2, Zahra Farsi3
1- MSc Student of Psychiatric Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Aja University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
2- MSc in Nursing, Instructor, Pediatric Department, Faculty of Nursing, Aja University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
3- Ph.D., Medical-Surgical Nursing, Professor, Research and Community Health Departments, Faculty of Nursing, Aja University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Abstract:   (75 Views)
Introduction: Low Self-esteem can lead to mental illness. Some of the soldiers may suffer from problems such as depression and low self-esteem during their military service.
Objective: This study was conducted to investigate the effect of group cognitive-behavioral therapy on the self-esteem of depressed soldiers hospitalized in the medical wards of selected hospitals in Ahvaz.
Materials and Methods: This quasi-experimental study was performed in 2020-2021. Eighty-eight soldiers who were hospitalized in psychiatric wards with a diagnosis of major depression were recruited using convenience sampling method and randomly assigned to experimental and control groups by tossing coins. To assess the self-esteem of soldiers, the Rosenberg scale was used in the pre-intervention stage and one week after the intervention. The +10 and -10, scores show the high and low levels of self-esteem, respectively. In addition to drug therapy, the experimental group entered group cognitive-behavioral therapy sessions in six 60-minute sessions. The researchers in the control group performed no intervention. They received only drugs.
Results: The mean score of soldiers’ self-esteem in the pre-intervention stage in the experimental and control groups was (-4.13±3.91) and (-6.39±1.81), respectively, (P= 0.190). In the post-intervention stage, the self-esteem score in the experimental and control groups was (3.68±3.31) and (-5.86±2.77), respectively (P< 0.0001). So that the score of the experimental group was higher than the control group. Also, the results showed that the score of the experimental group increased in the post-test stage.
Discussion and Conclusion: Group cognitive-behavioral therapy has a positive effect on the self-esteem of depressed soldiers. Therefore, it is recommended that the health team use it as a standard, affordable and cost-effective method to improve the self-esteem of depressed soldiers.
Keywords: Cognitive-behavioral therapy, Depression, Group therapy, Self-esteem, Soldier
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2021/02/28 | Accepted: 2021/05/17 | Published: 2021/11/1
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Ghorbani D, Habibi H, Farsi Z. Evaluation of the Group Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy Effect on the Self-Satisfaction of Depressed Soldiers Hospitalized in the Psychiatric Ward of Selected Hospitals in Ahvaz. MCS. 2021; 8 (2) :117-126
URL: http://mcs.ajaums.ac.ir/article-1-450-en.html


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Volume 8, Issue 2 (Military Caring Sciences 2021) Back to browse issues page
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