[Home ] [Archive]   [ فارسی ]  
:: Main :: About :: Current Issue :: Archive :: Search :: Submit :: Contact ::
:: Volume 9, Issue 1 (Military Caring Sciences 2022) ::
MCS 2022, 9(1): 27-34 Back to browse issues page
Demographic Characteristics of the Traffic Accident Victims Referred to Imam Khomeini Hospital in Urmia from October 2018 and September 2019
Farzin Rezazadeh1 , Sahar Paryab2 , Omid Garkaz3 , Hadi Khosh Akhlaq1 , Morteza Fadaei4 , Hamid Reza Mehryar * 1
1- Ph.D. Emergency Medicine, Assistant Professor, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia, Iran
2- MSc of Nursing, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Shahroud University of Medical Sciences, Shahroud, Iran
3- MSc of Epidemiology, Faculty of Health, Shahroud University of Medical Sciences, Shahroud, Iran
4- General Practitioner, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia, Iran
Abstract:   (50 Views)
Introduction: Today, one of the most important dangers threatening the process of promoting public health and its development is traffic accidents.
Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the demographic characteristics of traffic accident victims in the patients referred to Imam Khomeini Hospital in Urmia from October 2018 and September 2019.
Materials and Methods: This descriptive cross-sectional study was performed on 4717 people traumatized in traffic accidents who referred to Imam Khomeini Hospital in Urmia between October 1, 2018 and September 21, 2019. Data were collected using a checklist in which demographics and random information of the injured were collected. After that, the data were entered into SPSS18 software and analyzed using descriptive statistics (frequency, percentage, mean and standard deviation). (P <0.05)
Results: The results of the study showed that from 4717 randomized patients referred to the hospital, 3275 (69.5%) were male and 1442 (30.5%) were female. The mean age of the patients was 31.2±18 years with the oldest group being between 21-30 years and 1182 (25%). Most people 1272 (27.2%) held a high school diploma and 1993 (67.2%) worked in the private sector. Most of the injured cases, 3715 (78.7%), were treated on an outpatient basis and the most common injuries included multiple injuries, right shoulder, right hand, and left leg trauma, respectively.
Conclusion: Given the high importance of road accidents as a social problem and the predictability and controllability of these accidents, planning should be done to elevate the road safety and vehicle transport standards. It is also necessary to develop educational programs for the youth population as the most important group at risk.
Keywords: Accidents, Demographics, Injuries
Full-Text [PDF 436 kb]   (18 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2021/03/8 | Accepted: 2021/06/29 | Published: 2022/07/1
References
1. Poorhaji S, Kheyri M, Tadayyofar M R, Akaberi A, Poorhaji F. Investigating the accident causes of motorcycle riders admitted to Emdad Hospital Emergency Unit in Sabzeva, Iran, 2008. 2010; 15 (1): 18-22.
2. Damanabi Sh, Khameneian J, Pishkar NMA. An integrated data management model for the road traffic injury surveillance system in developing countries. HELIX. 2018; 8(1): 2781-8. [DOI]
3. Federici S, Bracalenti M, Meloni F, Luciano J V. World health organization disability assessment schedule 2.0: An international systematic review. Disabil Rehabil. 2017; 39(23): 2347-80. [DOI]
4. Akl E A, Meerpohl J J, Raad D, Piaggio G, Mattioni M, Paggi M G, et al. Effects of assessing the productivity of faculty in academic medical centres: A systematic review. CMAJ. 2012;184(11): E602-E12. [DOI]
5. Balikuddembe JK, Ardalan A, Khorasani-Zavareh D, Nejati A, Munanura KS. Road traffic incidents in Uganda: A systematicreview of a five-year trend. J Inj Violence Res. 2017; 9(1): 17-25. [DOI] [PubMed] [PubMed Central]
6. Bazyar J, Sayehmiri K, Daliri S, Delpisheh A, Sayehmir F. Epidemiology of some of trauma related factors in Iran within the years 2001 to 2014: A systematic review and meta-analysis study. International Journal of Review in Life Sciences. 2016; 6(3): 78-85.
7. Bokhari K. Maxillofacial injuries due to road traffic accidents in Saudi Arabia: A review of incidence, demographic factors & prevention strategies. Int J Med and Dent Sci. 2017; 6(1): 1386-91. [DOI]
8. Belwal R, Belwal S, Al Quraini A. Road Traffic Accidents (RTAs) and road safety in Oman: An analysis of people’s perception towards the causes. Advances in Transportation Studies. 2015; 1(37): 105-118. [DOI]
9. 9- Mohammed NSA. Population and development of the Arab Gulf States: The case of Bahrain, Oman, and Kuwait: Routledge; 2017.
10. Federici S, Bracalenti M, Meloni F, Luciano JV. World health organization disability assessment schedule 2.0: An international systematic review. Disability and rehabilitation. 2017;39(23):2347- 80. [DOI] [PubMed]
11. Vakili M, Mirzaei M, Pirdehghan A, Sadeghian M, Jafarizadeh M, Alimi M, Naderian Sh, et al. The burden of road traffic injuries in Yazd province-Iran. Bull Emerg Trauma. 2016; 4(4): 216-222. [PubMed] [PubMed Central]
12. Fararoei M, Sadat SJ, Zoladl M. Epidemiology of trauma in patients admitted to an emergency ward in Yasuj. Trauma Monthly. 2017: 22(3): e30572. [DOI]
13. Mohammadian M, Packzad R, Salehiniya H, Khazaie S, Nematollahi S, Ahmadi Pishkuhi M, et al. Seasonal pattern in occurrence and in-hospital fatality rate from traffic accidents in Isfahan, Iran. International Journal of Epidemiologic Research.2015; (2)3: 126-33. (Persian)
14. Montazer SH, Hosseininejad SM, Bozorgi F, Assadi T, Hashemi SN, Lotfipour M, et al. Epidemiology of injuries caused by motor accidents in patients referred to emergency department of a trauma center hospital in north of Iran. International Journal of Medical Investigation. 2019; 8(1): 10-8. (Persian)
15. Rajaei Behbahani N, Mohammadi MJ, Hashemi Nazari SS, Ghadirzadeh M, Hassanipour S. Studying the epidemiology of fatal traffic accidents in the Khuzestan province. Jundishapur J Health Sci. 2016; 8(2): e32114. [DOI]
16. Organization WH. Global status report on road safety 2015: World Health Organization; 2015.
17. Haagsma JA, Graetz N, Bolliger I, Naghavi M, Higashi H, Mullany EC, et al. The global burden of injury: Incidence,mortality, disability-adjusted life years and time trends from the global burden of disease study 2013. Inj Prev. 2016; 22(1): 3-18. [DOI] [PubMed] [PubMed Central]
18. Ebrahimipour H, Khani M, Salehabadi S, Babaei Heidarabadi A, Molavi Taleghani Y, Mirzaie N, Vejdani M, et al. Demographically investigate the trauma resulting from road traffic accidents in injured patients referred to Taleghani hospital in Mashhad (Khorasan Razavi, Iran)-2013. Safety Promotion and Injury Prevention. 2014; 2(3): 155-60. (Persian) [DOI]
19. Chichom-Mefire A, Atashili J, Tsiagadigui JG, Fon-Awah C, Ngowe-Ngowe M. A prospective pilot cohort analysis of crash characteristics and pa ttern of injuries in riders and pillion passengers involved in motorcycle crashes in an urban area in Cameroon: Lessons for prevention. BMC Public Health. 2015; 15(1):1-8. [DOI]
20. Akbari Akhavan G, Mohammadian A. Comparison of the RTS and ISS scores on the prediction of survival chances in multiple trauma patients. Acta Chir Orthop Traumatol Cech. 2012; 79(6): 535-9. [PubMed]
21. Mohammadian A, Salehiniya H, Hajarei A, Khazaie S, Mohammadian M. Demography of traffic accidents victims inthe Isfahan province: A cross-sectional study. Military Caring Sciences. 2015; 1(2): 81-7. (Persian) [DOI]
22. Vieira RCA, Hora EC, Oliveira DVD, Vaez AC. An epidemiological survey on motorcycle accident victims assisted at a reference trauma center of Sergipe. Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da USP. 2011; 45(6): 1359-63. [DOI]
23. 23- Parvin S, Alizadeh Barzian M, Alizadeh Barzian K. An epidemiologic study of traffic accidents in the Behbahan city during (2006-2014). Journal of health research in the community. 2017; 3(3): 46-57. (Persian)
24. 24- Rodríguez JM, Peñaloza RE, Montoya JM. Road traffic injury trends in the city of Valledupar, Colombia. A Time-Series Study from 2008 to 2012. PLoS One. 2015; 10(12): e0144002. [DOI]
25. 25- Khorrami Z, Nazari SSH, Ghadirzadeh MR. An epidemiology study of deaths from road traffic accidents. Safety Promotion and Injury Prevention. 2017; 4(4): 217-24. (Persian)
26. 26- Kourouma K, Delamou A, Lamah L, Camara BS, Kolie D, Sidibé S, et al. Frequency, characteristics and hospital outcomes of road traffic accidents and their victims in Guinea: A threeyear retrospective study from 2015 to 2017. BMC Public Health. 2019;19(1).1-12. [DOI]
27. Bahadori M, Ghardashi F, Izadi AR, Ravangard R, Mirhashemi S, Hosseini SM. Pre-hospital emergency in Iran: A systematic review. Trauma Monthly. 2016; 21(2): e31382. [DOI] [PubMed] [PubMed Central]
28. Zeraatchi A, Rostami B, Rostami A. Time indices of emergency medical services; A cross-sectional study. Iranian Journal of Emergency Medicine. 2018; 5(1): e8. [DOI]
29. Bahrampouri S, Khankeh HR, Dalvandi A. Assessment of stroke patients’ status and their transfer time by emergency medical services to valiasr hospital in Arak City, Iran. Health in Emergencies and Disasters. 2016;1(3):163-73. [DOI]
Send email to the article author

Add your comments about this article
Your username or Email:

CAPTCHA

Ethics code: IR.UMSU.REC.1397.132


XML   Persian Abstract   Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Rezazadeh F, Paryab S, Garkaz O, Khosh Akhlaq H, Fadaei M, Mehryar H R. Demographic Characteristics of the Traffic Accident Victims Referred to Imam Khomeini Hospital in Urmia from October 2018 and September 2019. MCS. 2022; 9 (1) :27-34
URL: http://mcs.ajaums.ac.ir/article-1-451-en.html


Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Volume 9, Issue 1 (Military Caring Sciences 2022) Back to browse issues page
مجله علوم مراقبتی نظامی Military Caring Sciences Journal
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.05 seconds with 30 queries by YEKTAWEB 4447