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:: Volume 8, Issue 2 (Military Caring Sciences 2021) ::
MCS 2021, 8(2): 156-168 Back to browse issues page
The Effectiveness of Memory Reconsolidation Interference by Propranolol on Craving and Emotion in Heroin Abusers
Zahra Mohammadi Nik1, Mohammad Nasehi *2, Biouk Tajeri3, Peyman Hassani Abharian4, Adis Kraskian5
1- Ph.D. Student in Health Psychology, Department  of Psychology, Kish International Campus, Islamic Azad University, Kish Island, Iran.
2- Ph.D. in Physiology, Associate Professor, Cognitive and Neuroscience Research Center, Tehran Medical Sciences, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.
3- Ph.D. in Health Psychology, Assistant Professor, Department  of Psychology, Karaj Branch, Islamic Azad University, Karaj, Iran.
4- Ph.D. in Cognitive Neuroscience, Assistant Professor, Department of Cognitive Rehabilitation, Institute for Cognitive Science Studies (ICSS), Tehran, Iran.
5- Ph.D. in Educational Psychology, Assistant Professor, Department of Psychology, Karaj Branch, Islamic Azad University, Karaj, Iran.
Abstract:   (106 Views)
Introduction: A brief encounter with the cues associated with the drug leads to memory reconsolidation and disruption of drug memory by drug use can lead to memory update and reduced relapse.
Objective: This study aimed at determining the effectiveness of memory reconsolidation interference by propranolol on drug craving and its relationship with emotion in subjects with heroin use disorder.
Materials and Methods: This study was a quasi-experimental research with a pre-test-post-test and follow-up with a control group on 50 men (mean age 22 to 68 years) performed in Qom province addiction treatment camps in 2020. Data collection tools included demographic information questionnaire, structured diagnostic interview based on DSM.5, change readiness questionnaire, Bart impulsivity scale, computerized visual craving test, visual analog induction craving scale, and positive and negative emotion scale. Data were analyzed using SPSS software version 24 and multivariate analysis of variance tests with repeated measures and Pearson correlation at a significance level of less than P< 0.05. For the experimental group 10 minutes later from retrieval, propranolol (40 mg) was prescribed and the control group did not receive medication.
Results: Repeated measures analysis of variance showed that interference in drug abuse memory reconsolidation by propranolol significantly reduced heroin induction craving in the experimental group as compared with the control group (P< 0.001). However, no statistically significant relationship was observed in pretest (P= 0.223, P= 0.08), posttest (P= 0.225, P= 0.186), and follow-up (P= 0.555, P= 0.018) between craving and positive or negative emotions.
Discussion and Conclusion: The results of this study showed that neuroscience innovations can be used for the treatment of addiction disorders.
 
Keywords: Addiction, Craving, Emotion, Memory Consolidation, Propranolol
Full-Text [PDF 541 kb]   (37 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Psychology
Received: 2021/04/29 | Accepted: 2021/07/10 | Published: 2021/11/1
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Mohammadi Nik Z, Nasehi M, Tajeri B, Hassani Abharian P, Kraskian A. The Effectiveness of Memory Reconsolidation Interference by Propranolol on Craving and Emotion in Heroin Abusers. MCS. 2021; 8 (2) :156-168
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