[Home ] [Archive]   [ فارسی ]  
:: Main :: About :: Current Issue :: Archive :: Search :: Submit :: Contact ::
:: Volume 8, Issue 2 (Military Caring Sciences 2021) ::
MCS 2021, 8(2): 117-126 Back to browse issues page
Evaluation of the Group Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy Effect on the Self-Satisfaction of Depressed Soldiers Hospitalized in the Psychiatric Ward of Selected Hospitals in Ahvaz
Donya Ghorbani1, Hengameh Habibi *2, Zahra Farsi3
1- MSc Student of Psychiatric Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Aja University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
2- MSc in Nursing, Instructor, Pediatric Department, Faculty of Nursing, Aja University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
3- Ph.D., Medical-Surgical Nursing, Professor, Research and Community Health Departments, Faculty of Nursing, Aja University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Abstract:   (234 Views)
Introduction: Low Self-esteem can lead to mental illness. Some of the soldiers may suffer from problems such as depression and low self-esteem during their military service.
Objective: This study was conducted to investigate the effect of group cognitive-behavioral therapy on the self-esteem of depressed soldiers hospitalized in the medical wards of selected hospitals in Ahvaz.
Materials and Methods: This quasi-experimental study was performed in 2020-2021. Eighty-eight soldiers who were hospitalized in psychiatric wards with a diagnosis of major depression were recruited using convenience sampling method and randomly assigned to experimental and control groups by tossing coins. To assess the self-esteem of soldiers, the Rosenberg scale was used in the pre-intervention stage and one week after the intervention. The +10 and -10, scores show the high and low levels of self-esteem, respectively. In addition to drug therapy, the experimental group entered group cognitive-behavioral therapy sessions in six 60-minute sessions. The researchers in the control group performed no intervention. They received only drugs.
Results: The mean score of soldiers’ self-esteem in the pre-intervention stage in the experimental and control groups was (-4.13±3.91) and (-6.39±1.81), respectively, (P= 0.190). In the post-intervention stage, the self-esteem score in the experimental and control groups was (3.68±3.31) and (-5.86±2.77), respectively (P< 0.0001). So that the score of the experimental group was higher than the control group. Also, the results showed that the score of the experimental group increased in the post-test stage.
Discussion and Conclusion: Group cognitive-behavioral therapy has a positive effect on the self-esteem of depressed soldiers. Therefore, it is recommended that the health team use it as a standard, affordable and cost-effective method to improve the self-esteem of depressed soldiers.
Keywords: Cognitive-behavioral therapy, Depression, Group therapy, Self-esteem, Soldier
Full-Text [PDF 504 kb]   (124 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2021/02/28 | Accepted: 2021/05/17 | Published: 2021/11/1
1. Aghamohamdian Sherbaf HR, Fardi M, Kareshki H. The Efeectiveness of life skills training on self-esteem of boarding school students. 6th International conference on child and teenager psychiatry; Tabriz, Iran: Tabriz University of Medical Sciences; 2013. (Persian)
2. Ghoreishizadeh M, Mohagheghi A, Farhang S, Alizadeh L. Psychosocial disabilities patients with schizophrenia. Iran J Public Health. 2012; 41(5): 116-21. (Persian) [PubMed]
3. Modabber R, Ebrahimi H, Kazemi A, Fallahi Khoshknab M. Relationship between suicidal ideations and psychosocial characteristics in depressed patients. IJPN. 2014;2(2):1-12. (Persian)
4. Ferrier-Auerbach AG, Erbes CR, Polusny MA, Rath CM, Sponheim SR. Predictors of emotional distress reported by soldiers in the combat zone. J Psychiatr Res. 2010; 44(7): 470-6. [DOI] [PubMed]
5. Farsi Z, Jabbari Morousi M, Ebadi A. Mental health review of soldiers referring to a military clinic in Tehran. Iran Army J. 2006; 3(4):923-30. (Persian)
6. Ali Mohammadi M, Sohrabi F, Karami A. Effectiveness of encouragement training in alleviating depression among Soldiers. JMP. 2011;2(6):17-26. (Persian)
7. Soomro N, Bibi R, Latif M, Kamran B, Ahmed SI. Differences in level of self-esteem of housewives and working women. Medical Channel. 2013; 19(3): 48-50.
8. Ebrahimisani E, Hashemian K, Dvkanha F. The Effectiveness of Transactional Analysis Group Therapy in Increasing the Self-Esteem of Northern Khorasan Province Prisons' Soldier-Guards. J Mil Med . 2012; 14(3): 214-20. (Persian)
9. Mesgar A, Taheri M. The role of external factors in self-mutilation and suicide in IRI Army soldiers. J Military Sci & Tactics. 2014; 10(27): 67-89. (Persian)
10. Alboukordi S, Noury R, Nikoosiyar Jahromi M, Fathollah Zahedian S. The relationship between self-esteem and social support with depression in male prisoners. JMUMS. 2010;20(77):62-8. (Persian)
11. Nasir R, Zamani ZA, Khairudin R, Latipun. Effects of family functioning, self-esteem, and cognitive distortion on depression among malay and indonesian juvenile delinquents. procedia - social and behavioral sciences. 2010;7:613-20. (Persian) [DOI]
12. Negovan V, Bagana E. A comparison of relationship between self esteem and vulnerability to depression among high school and freshmen university students. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences. 2011;30:1324-30. [DOI]
13. Ghobari Bonab B, Motavalipoor A, Hakimirad E, Habibi Asgarabadi M. Relationship between anxiety and depression and magnitude of spirituality in students of the University of Tehran. J Appl Psychol. 2009. (Persian)
14. Rihmer Z, Gonda X. Pharmacological prevention of suicide in patients with major mood disorders. Neurosci Biobehav Rev. 2013; 37(10 Pt 1): 2398-403. [DOI] [PubMed]
15. Fortinash KM, Koushan M. Psychiatric nursing care plans. 1th ed. Iran, Tehran: Andishe Rafi; 2012.
16. Barkhordari HRZ, Farahbakhsh K. The effectiveness of group positive thinking skills training on students' self- esteem. A new approach to education management. 2010; 1(3): 131-44. (Persian)
17. Forghani toroghi O, Javanbakht M, Bayazi MH, Sahebi A, Vahidi S, Derogar K. The effectiveness of group cognitive-behavioral training and group reality therapy on self-esteem of high school students. JFMH. 2012: 172-80. (Persian)
18. Kazemini T. The effectiveness of cognitive-behavioral group therapy on improving students' self-esteem and self-efficacy. JPAs. 2011; 18(1): 191-206. (Persian)
19. Mohammadzadeh H, Mohtashami J, Bahrainians A, Shakeri N, Jamshidi K. The effectiveness of group style cognitive therapy on the self-confidence of female students. J Psychiatr Nurs. 2016;4(1):18-27. (Persian)
20. Aljunid SA, Hussin H, Othman MH, Hussin K, Alias NS, Mohd Salleh MAA, et al. The effect of brief cognitive behavioural therapy group intervention on self esteem among drug Users. MATEC Web of Conferences. 2018; 150: 05092. [DOI]
Send email to the article author

Add your comments about this article
Your username or Email:


Ethics code: 1398.175 IR.AJAUMS.REC.

XML   Persian Abstract   Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Ghorbani D, Habibi H, Farsi Z. Evaluation of the Group Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy Effect on the Self-Satisfaction of Depressed Soldiers Hospitalized in the Psychiatric Ward of Selected Hospitals in Ahvaz. MCS. 2021; 8 (2) :117-126
URL: http://mcs.ajaums.ac.ir/article-1-450-en.html

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Volume 8, Issue 2 (Military Caring Sciences 2021) Back to browse issues page
مجله علوم مراقبتی نظامی Military Caring Sciences Journal
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.05 seconds with 29 queries by YEKTAWEB 4374