[Home ] [Archive]   [ فارسی ]  
:: Main :: About :: Current Issue :: Archive :: Search :: Submit :: Contact ::
:: Volume 4, Issue 3 (Military Caring Sciences 2018) ::
MCS 2018, 4(3): 213-220 Back to browse issues page
Comparison of the Effect of Lecture and Multimedia Screening on Oral Health Behavior of Students in Tehran
Andarkhora. F [ORCID] 1, Bohrani. M [ORCID] 2, Goodarzi. A [ORCID] 3
1- MSc in General Psychology, Iran, Assaluyeh, International Center University, Psychiatry Department.
2- PhD in Psychology, Assistant Professor, Iran, Assaluyeh, International Center University, Psychiatry Department.
3- PhD Student in Health Education and Health Promotion, Iran, Tehran, Tarbiat Modarres University, Faculty of Medical Sciences.
Abstract:   (295 Views)
Introduction: Education is one of the ways to increase awareness, and improve attitude and practice amongst students. Therefore, selecting effective educational methods is one of the main goals and objectives in educational planning.
Objective: The main goal of this study was to compare the effects of the lecture education method and multimedia method on oral health behaviors of students in Tehran.
Materials and Methods: The present research was a quasi-experimental study. The study population included third grade students of primary schools in Region 14 of the education department of Tehran. The sample included 90 students, who were chosen by random sampling. The data collection tool was a self-constructed questionnaire, which had 27 questions. Cronbach’s alpha was 0.8. Questionnaires were available both before and after training. For data analysis, the SPSS software version 24 was used. Independent t and Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) tests were used at 0.05 significance level.
Results: Knowledge, attitude, and performance were improved immediately one month after the intervention in the lecture groups and the results were respectively 2.93 ± 0.25 and (3 ± 0.0 for knowledge, 2.930 ± 0.25 and 3 ± 0.0 for attitude, and 2.66 ± 0.58 and 2.30 ± 0.59 for performance, which were not statistically significant (P>0.05). In the multimedia groups, knowledge (3 ± 0.00), attitude (3 ± 0.00), and performance (2.90 ± 0.3) improved immediately after the intervention and also after 1 month, attitude (3 ± 0.00) and practice (3 ± 0.00) showed improvement once again, which was statistically significant (P<0.05). Comparing the results of the 2 multimedia and lecture groups, only 1 month after the intervention, showed that performance change rate was +0.57, which was statistically significant in the multimedia group (P<0.05). Immediately after the intervention in the multimedia group, knowledge (3 ± 0.00), attitude (3.00 ± 0.00) and performance (2.90 ± 0.3), and attitude (3 ± 0.00) and exercise ± 0.001 increased after one month, which was statistically significant (P<0.05)
Discussion and Conclusion: The results showed that training was effective in promoting oral health behavior, and the type of training had an important role in this promotion. Therefore, the videos at all stages of educational methods were more effective than lectures.
Keywords: Awareness, Attitude, Behavior, Performance Lectures, Video Screenings.
Full-Text [PDF 300 kb]   (72 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Applicable | Subject: Special
Received: 2017/05/15 | Accepted: 2017/11/4 | Published: 2017/12/24
References
1. Ajami B, Shabzendehdar M, Asadollahi A. Evaluation of oral health knowledge, attitude and behaviour of employees in Mashhad health centers No 1, 2 and 3 in 2006. J Mashhad Dent Sch. 2008;32(1):37-40.
2. Riley JL, 3rd, Gilbert GH, Heft MW. Dental attitudes: proximal basis for oral health disparities in adults. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol. 2006;34(4):289-98. [DOI:10.1111/j.1600-0528.2006.00280.x]
3. Casamassimo PS, Thikkurissy S, Edelstein BL, Maiorini E. Beyond the dmft: the human and economic cost of early childhood caries. J Am Dent Assoc. 2009;140(6):650-7. [DOI:10.14219/jada.archive.2009.0250] [PMID: 19491160]
4. Ajayia EO, Ajayi YO. Attitudes to malocclusion in a Nigerian school population. J Med Biomed Res. 2006;5(1):16-23.
5. Razi T, Shamsi M, Khorsandi M, Roozbehani N, Ranjbaran M. [Knowledge, attitude and practice of mothers with regard to the warning signs of respiratory infections and diarrhea in children below the age of five in Arak in 2014]. J Educ Commun Health. 2015;1(4):43-50. [DOI:10.20286/jech-010443]
6. Bayat F, Karimi-Shahanjarini A, Bashirian S, Faradmal J. [Assessment of Dental Care and its Related Barriers in Pregnant Women of Hamadan City]. J Educ Commun Health. 2016;3(1):20-7. [DOI:10.21859/jech-03013]
7. Vargas EA. The triad of science foundations, instructional technology, and organizational structure. Span J Psychol. 2004;7(2):141-52. [DOI:10.1017/S1138741600004844] [PMID: 15581235]
8. Vakili M, Rahaei Z, Nadrian H, Yarmohammadi P. Determinants of oral health behaviors among high school students in Shahrekord, Iran based on Health Promotion Model. J Dent Hyg. 2011;85(1):39-48. [PMID: 21396262]
9. Morowatisharifabad M, Shirazi KK. Determinants of oral health behaviors among preuniversity (12th-grade) students in Yazd (Iran): an application of the health promotion model. Fam Community Health. 2007;30(4):342-50. [DOI:10.1097/01.FCH.0000290546.33328.76]
10. Mohamad Khah F, Amin Shekravi F, Faghih Zadeh S, Babaee Haidar Abadi A, Kazem Begi F, Maghsodi R. [Comparison of two methods of dental health education lectures and film screenings on knowledge, attitude and practice of students]. J Ilam Univ Med Sci. 2013;20(5):43-50.
11. Goodarzi A, Heidarnia A, Niknami S, Heidarnia M. Efficacy of Educational Film for Enhancing Oral Health Knowledge, Attitude and Performance of Elementary Students. Shahid Beheshti Univ Dent J. 2014;32(4):197-201.
12. Kasmaei P, Amin Shokravi F, Hidarnia A, Hajizadeh E, Atrkar-Roushan Z. [Survey of Predictive Factors on Brushing Behavior According to the Three Main Motivational Constructs Among Female Students of Primary Schools]. J Guilan Univ Med Sci. 2014;23(91):16-22.
Send email to the article author

Add your comments about this article
Your username or Email:

Write the security code in the box >



XML   Persian Abstract   Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

F A, M B, A G. Comparison of the Effect of Lecture and Multimedia Screening on Oral Health Behavior of Students in Tehran. MCS. 2018; 4 (3) :213-220
URL: http://mcs.ajaums.ac.ir/article-1-171-en.html


Volume 4, Issue 3 (Military Caring Sciences 2018) Back to browse issues page
مجله علوم مراقبتی نظامی Military Caring Sciences
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.054 seconds with 818 queries by yektaweb 3600