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:: Volume 5, Issue 1 (Military Caring Sciences 2018) ::
MCS 2018, 5(1): 26-33 Back to browse issues page
Evaluation of Patient Safety Culture Based on the Viewpoint of Nurses and Physicians Employed in a Military Hospital
Amiran. P Mr 1, Pour Rabi. M Mrs2, Fatemi Mehr. A Mrs3
1- Iran, Tehran, Golestan Hospital Hospital.
2- Iran, Tehran, Golestan Hospital.
3- Iran, Tehran, Shafa Hospital.
Abstract:   (4026 Views)
Introduction: Safety is defined as the avoidance of any damage to individuals, while daily activities continue. Safety has a wide range and various aspects, such as safety in health-care environments. Consideration of safety principles in health-care environments is one of the key factors playing an effective role in the improvement of patients in the centers.
Objectives: The current study aimed at determining the level of awareness and adherence to safety instructions on hospitalized patients in nursing and medical staff.
Materials and Methods: The current descriptive, cross sectional study was conducted on 132 nurses and physicians selected by stratum-based method. Data collection was performed using a standard localized scale to assess patient’s safety culture. Data was analyzed with SPSS version 16. According to the scale guidelines, obtaining ≥70% of total score indicates a high level of safety culture, while getting 50%-69% of total score shows an average safety culture level; and scores <50% represents a low level of safety culture.
Results: In the present research, majority of the participants was nurses and midwives (70%). Most of the participants (65%) had more five years of experience. Results showed that the staff worked at this center got an average level of patient safety culture. According to 12 aspects of patient safety culture, two indices of teamwork and non-punitive responses to errors were among the high-level positive responses, with the average positive response rates of 70% and 68%, respectively. On the other hand, the indices of event reporting and organizational learning were in the lowest levels, with the average positive response rates of 38% and 40%, respectively.
Discussion and Conclusion: The results of the current study shows the importance of improving patients’ safety by the managers and hospital staff, in terms of reporting the incidents, improving inter-sectional team works, and non-punitive responses in the case of errors.


Keywords: Hospital, Nurse, Physician, Patient, Safety Culture.
Full-Text [PDF 336 kb]   (1112 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Applicable | Subject: General
Received: 2017/09/7 | Accepted: 2018/05/19 | Published: 2018/08/15
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P A, M P R, A F M. Evaluation of Patient Safety Culture Based on the Viewpoint of Nurses and Physicians Employed in a Military Hospital. MCS. 2018; 5 (1) :26-33
URL: http://mcs.ajaums.ac.ir/article-1-183-en.html

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