[Home ] [Archive]   [ فارسی ]  
:: Main :: About :: Current Issue :: Archive :: Search :: Submit :: Contact ::
Main Menu
Home::
Journal Information::
Articles archive::
For Authors::
For Reviewers::
Registration::
Contact us::
Site Facilities::
Principles of Publication::
Indexing Sources::
::
Search in website

Advanced Search
..
Receive site information
Enter your Email in the following box to receive the site news and information.
..
Registered in

AWT IMAGE AWT IMAGE

..
:: Volume 7, Issue 3 (Military Caring Sciences 2020) ::
MCS 2020, 7(3): 198-206 Back to browse issues page
Relationship between Family Function with Stress, Anxiety and Depression of Air Force Pilots in Isfahan-2019-2020
Noshin Zand bina1 , Mahrokh Keshvari * 2, Gholamreza Kheirabadi3
1- MSc Student Nursing, Nursing Department, Isfahan University of Medica Sceinces, Isfahan, Iran.
2- Department of Community Health Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
3- MD, in Psychiatrist, Associate Professor, Behavioral Research Center, Psychiatry Department, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.
Abstract:   (2829 Views)
Introduction: The importance of the Air Force's ability to protect and defend any country is obvious. The well-performed air force depends on the capabilities, mental and physical health of staff. Family as an environmental factor plays a significant role in the development and maintenance of mental health disorders.
Objective: This study aimed to investigate the relationship between family function and stress, anxiety and depression in Isfahan Air Force pilots during 2019-2020.
Materials and Methods: In this descriptive study, 120 military air force pilots completed the standard family functioning (FAD), anxiety, stress and depression (DASS) questionnaires. After excluding invalid questionnaires, data were collected from 103 individuals and analyzed in SPSS20. The significant level is considered 0.05.
Results: Linear regression analysis showed that the family function was scored 0.16, 0.05 and 0.05 in in depression, anxiety and stress, respectively. The family function was a significant predictor of depression, anxiety and stress in participants. The results showed that based on beta coefficients , each 0.25, 0.24 and 0.24 change  in family performance score resulted in a significant change in participants' depression, anxiety and stress scores, respectively (P <0.05).
Discussion and Conclusion: Based on results of this study, it can be concluded that decreasing family function increases anxiety, depression and stress in pilots. Therefore military families should be considred.
Keywords: Anxiety, Depression, Family Function, Military, Pilot, Stress.
Full-Text [PDF 426 kb]   (978 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2020/02/19 | Accepted: 2020/07/21 | Published: 2020/12/30
References
1. Resick PA, Wachen JS, Dondanville KA, Pruiksma KE, Yarvis JS, Peterson AL, et al. Effect of Group vs Individual Cognitive Processing Therapy in Active-Duty Military Seeking Treatment for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: A Randomized Clinical Trial. JAMA Psychiatry. 2017;74(1):28-36. [DOI] [PubMed]
2. Romero DH, Riggs SA, Ruggero C. Coping, family social support, and psychological symptoms among student veterans. J Couns Psychol. 2015;62(2):242-52. [DOI] [PubMed]
3. Shahbazi A, Ghorbanzadeh A, Yazdi G, Azad M, Sharifi A. Comparing the effect of lecture and rescue training methods with the war maneuvers on the public aid preparedness in the personnel of the navy's military barracks. J Military Med. 2016;17(4):291-7.
4. O’Neal C, Lucier-Greer M, Duncan J, Mallette J, Arnold A, Mancini J. Vulnerability and Resilience within Military Families: Deployment Experiences, Reintegration, and Family Functioning. J Child & Family Studies. 2018;27(10):3250-61. [DOI]
5. Fornette M, Bardel M, Lefrançois C, Fradin J, Massioui F, Amalberti R. Cognitive-Adaptation Training for Improving Performance and Stress Management of Air Force Pilots. The International J Aviation Psychology. 2012;22(3):203-23. [DOI]
6. Hubner M, Peirson R, Puchta P, McBride T. A Reconceptualization of the Adaptability Rating for Military Aviation. USAFSAM Wright-Patterson AFB United States, 2017.
7. Dismukes R, Goldsmith TE, Kochan JA. Effects of acute stress on aircrew performance: literature review and analysis of operational aspects. Technical Report. 2015;1(1):13.
8. Nasioudis D, Palaiodimos L, Dagiasis M, Katsarou A, Ntouros E. Depression in military medicine cadets: a cross-sectional study. Mil Med Res. 2015;2:28. [DOI] [PubMed]
9. Rahnejat A. The Impact of Stress on the Performance of Pilots and Military Personnel Staff and its Control Methods. Second Congress of Aerospace and Subsurface Medicine2012. p. 1-10.
10. Chappelle W, Goodman T, Reardon L, Thompson W. An analysis of post-traumatic stress symptoms in United States Air Force drone operators. J Anxiety Disord. 2014;28(5):480-7. [DOI] [PubMed]
11. Wu AC, Donnelly-McLay D, Weisskopf MG, McNeely E, Betancourt TS, Allen JG. Airplane pilot mental health and suicidal thoughts: a cross-sectional descriptive study via anonymous web-based survey. Environ Health. 2016;15(1):121. [DOI] [PubMed]
12. Ahmadi M, Karimi H. The effect of organizational factors on the performance of passenger pilots with regard to the moderating role of environmental factors. J Aeronautical Engineering. 2017;18(2):69-84
13. Jongerden L, Bögels S. Parenting, Family Functioning and Anxiety-Disordered Children: Comparisons to Controls, Changes After Family Versus Child CBT. J Child & Family Studies. 2014;24(7):2046-59. [DOI]
14. Sheidow AJ, Henry DB, Tolan PH, Strachan MK. The Role of Stress Exposure and Family Functioning in Internalizing Outcomes of Urban Families. J Child Fam Stud. 2014;23(8):1351-65. [DOI] [PubMed]
15. Kohan S, Heidari Z, Keshvari M. Iranian Women’s experiences of breastfeeding support: a qualitative study. Inter J Pediatrics. 2016;4(10):3587-600.
16. Nasiri- Bari H, Peivastehghar A, Derakhshani A. Investigation and rioritization of factors affecting the job stress of commanders and military managers. Military Management. 2013:131-54.
17. Fan LB, Blumenthal JA, Watkins LL, Sherwood A. Work and home stress: associations with anxiety and depression symptoms. Occup Med (Lond). 2015;65(2):110-6. [DOI] [PubMed]
18. Yoosefi N. An investigation of the psychometric properties of the mcmaster clinical rating scale (MCRS). Education Measurments. 2012;2(7):91-120.
19. Afzali A, Delawar A, Burjali A, Mirzamani M. Psychometric properties of DASS-42 test based on a sample of high school students in Kermanshah. Journal of Behavioral Sciences Research. 2007;2(5):81-92.
20. Asghari Moghadam M, Foad S, Dibaj Nia P, Zanganeh J. Preliminary Investigation of the Validity and Reliability of Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scales (DASS) in Nonclinical Samples. Behavioral Scientist. 2008;15(11):23-38.
21. Marlin AF. The Study of the relationship between family functioning and mental health among the employees of Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences. Scientific J Nurs, Midwif & Paramed Faculty. 2016;2(1):12-21.
22. Hughes AA, Hedtke KA, Kendall PC. Family functioning in families of children with anxiety disorders. J Fam Psychol. 2008;22(2):325-8. [DOI] [PubMed]
23. Momeni K. The Relationship between Family Functioning, Differentiation of Self and Resiliency with Stress, Anxiety and Depression in the Married Women Kermanshah city. Family Research. 2013;2(10):293-312.
24. Pollock E, Kazman J, Deuster P. Family Functioning and Stress in African American Families. J Black Psychology. 2014;41(2):144-69. [DOI]
25. Chatters LM, Nguyen AW, Taylor RJ, Hope MO. Church and Family Support Networks and Depressive Symptoms among African Americans: Findings from the National Survey of American Life. J Community Psychol. 2018;46(4):403-17. [DOI] [PubMed]
26. Asad Zandi M, Sayari R, Ebadi A, Sanainasab H. Abundance of depression, anxiety and stress in militant Nurses. J Mil Med. 2011;13(2):103-8.
27. Hartley T, Violanti J, Mnatsakanova A, Andrew M, Burchfiel C. Military experience and levels of stress and coping in police officers. Inter J Emergency Mental Health. 2013;15(4):229.
Send email to the article author

Add your comments about this article
Your username or Email:

CAPTCHA

Ethics code: IR.MUI.RESEARCH.REC.1398.379



XML   Persian Abstract   Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Zand bina N, Keshvari M, Kheirabadi G. Relationship between Family Function with Stress, Anxiety and Depression of Air Force Pilots in Isfahan-2019-2020. MCS 2020; 7 (3) :198-206
URL: http://mcs.ajaums.ac.ir/article-1-367-en.html


Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Volume 7, Issue 3 (Military Caring Sciences 2020) Back to browse issues page
علوم مراقبتی نظامی Military Caring Sciences
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.05 seconds with 39 queries by YEKTAWEB 4652