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:: Volume 3, Issue 4 (Military Caring Sciences 2017) ::
MCS 2017, 3(4): 221-232 Back to browse issues page
The Effect of Music Therapy on Comfort Level and Some Vital Signs of Patients Undergoing Hemodialysismodialysis
Zarurati. M1, Pishgooie. SAH 2, Farsi. Z3 , Karbaschi. K4
1- Iran, Tehran, AJA University of Medical Sciences, Faculty of Nursing.
2- PhD in Nursing, Assistant Professor, Iran, Tehran, AJA University of Medical Sciences, Faculty of Nursing, Medical-Surgical Department.
3- Iran, Tehran, AJA University of Medical Sciences, Faculty of Nursing, Research and Community Health Department.
4- Instructor, Iran, Tehran, AJA University of Medical Sciences, Faculty of Nursing, Military Nursing Department.
Abstract:   (11952 Views)

Introduction: Attention to the comfort of patients is one of the most important objectives and roles of nurses. Nurses play a central role in taking care of patients with chronic renal failure undergoing hemodialysis.

Objectives: The objective of this study was to determine the effect of music therapy on the level of comfort, as well as homodynamic indexes of patients undergoing hemodialysis.

Material and Methods: The present study was a clinical trial. Overall, 74 patients undergoing hemodialysis were recruited using the convenience sampling method and were randomly assigned to two groups of intervention and control. Subjects completed the demographic questionnaire, and blood pressure and heart rate were measured. The comfort level was then measured in the two groups using the Colcaba’s General Comfort Level Questionnaire. Music therapy was used in the intervention group for 30 minutes, three times per week. The comfort questionnaire was completed at the end of each intervention in the two groups. The vital signs were measured after intervention in the two groups. The data were analyzed using SPSS version 22 statistical software.

Results: The mean score of general comfort had no significant difference between the two groups before the intervention (P=0.09). After the intervention, the mean score of general comfort in the intervention group was significantly less than the control group in the first (P=0.04), second (P<0.01), and third (P<0.01) session. The mean systolic blood pressure of the subjects before the intervention in the two groups had no significant difference (P=0.58) and after the intervention was not significant in each of three sessions. The mean diastolic blood pressure (P=0.13) and mean heart rate (P=0.6) of subjects before the intervention in the two groups had no significant difference, and by the third session, mean diastolic blood pressure (P=0.02) and mean heart rate (P=0.05) in the intervention group was less than the control group.

Discussion and Conclusion: The research findings indicated that the use of music therapy during dialysis can increase the comfort of patients; hence, it is suggested that nurses can use this technique as a complementary method to increase comfort and stabilize vital signs in patients undergoing hemodialysis.

IRCT: IRCT2016092323446N8

Keywords: Blood Pressure, Comfort, Heart Rate, Hemodialysis, Music Therapy.
Full-Text [PDF 367 kb]   (2716 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2016/11/8 | Accepted: 2016/12/31 | Published: 2017/03/13
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M Z, SAH P, Z F, K K. The Effect of Music Therapy on Comfort Level and Some Vital Signs of Patients Undergoing Hemodialysismodialysis. MCS. 2017; 3 (4) :221-232
URL: http://mcs.ajaums.ac.ir/article-1-149-en.html

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