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:: Volume 5, Issue 2 (Military Caring Sciences 2018) ::
MCS 2018, 5(2): 146-155 Back to browse issues page
​Prediction of Addiction Readiness Based on Behavioral Activation and Inhibition of Systems (BIS/BAS) and Cognitive Abilities Among Students in Amol Institute of Higher Education 2017-2018
Mosalman. A 1, Hoseini. A2 , Sadeghpoor. M3
1- Ph.D. Student of Psychology, Iran, Mazandaran, Amol Institute of Higher Education, Psychology Department.
2- MSc of Sport Psychology, Iran, Mazandaran, Amol Institute of Higher Education, Psychology Department.
3- MSc of General Psychology, Amol Institute of Higher Education, Psychology Department.
Abstract:   (2817 Views)
Introduction: As a high percentage of our population is made up of adolescents and young people, this generation is the most valuable asset for the growth and prosperity of a country; identifying the predictors of addiction in this class of society and the preservation of human and social capital of the country is highly needed.
Objective: The present study was conducted aiming at predicting the readiness for addiction based on the behavioral inhibition/ activation systems (BIS/BAS) and cognitive abilities among students in Amol institute of higher education 2017-2018.
Materials and Methods: This study is descriptive and statistical population consisted of all the students studying at Amol Institute of Higher Education in the 2017-2018 academic year; 141 students were selected by convenient sampling method. Data were collected using addiction potential questionnaire, behavioral activation /inhibition systems of brain (BIS/BAS) and cognitive abilities scales. The components of behavioral activation/ inhibition systems of brain (BIS/BAS) and cognitive abilities were considered as the predictor variables and the addiction readiness as dependent variable. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics (mean±standard deviation), Pearson correlation coefficient and multiple linear regression analysis.
Results: The results showed that behavioral inhibition of systems (BIS), behavioral activation of systems (BAS), BAS-DR, search for fun (BAS-FS) and cognitive abilities (total score) were all significantly correlated with addiction readiness (P<0.05). The results of simultaneous multiple regression analysis indicated that the mentioned variables predicted the readiness addiction regarding the value of F = 13.04 and P=0.000.
Discussion and Conclusion: It can be concluded that the behavioral activation and inhibition systems of brain (BIS/BAS) and cognitive abilities are the variables related to addiction readiness in students that should be taken into account in the prevention and treatment of addiction.

Keywords: Addiction Readiness, Behavioral Activation/Inhibition systems of brain (BIS/BAS), Cognitive Abilities, Students.
Full-Text [PDF 446 kb]   (794 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2018/10/6 | Accepted: 2018/11/15 | Published: 2018/12/15
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A M, A H, M S. ​Prediction of Addiction Readiness Based on Behavioral Activation and Inhibition of Systems (BIS/BAS) and Cognitive Abilities Among Students in Amol Institute of Higher Education 2017-2018. MCS. 2018; 5 (2) :146-155
URL: http://mcs.ajaums.ac.ir/article-1-209-en.html

Volume 5, Issue 2 (Military Caring Sciences 2018) Back to browse issues page
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