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:: Volume 5, Issue 4 (Military Caring Sciences 2019) ::
MCS 2019, 5(4): 303-311 Back to browse issues page
​The Effect of an Educational Intervention Based on Health Belief Model on Nutritional Behaviors in Type 2 Diabetics
Dadkhah Tehrani. B1, Tavakoli. R 2, Jazayeri. SA3
1- MSc in Health Education field, Department of Health Education and Health Promotion, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
2- (Corresponding Author) Ph.D. in, Department of Health Education and Health Promotion, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.
3- Ph.D. in Nutrition, Department of Nutrition of Health Science, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.
Abstract:   (346 Views)
Introduction: Patient plays a major role in treatment and control of diabetes. Therefore, his/her knowledge about various fields such as diet is very important.
Objective: This research is conducted aiming at investigating the efficiency of Health Belief Model (HBM) for educating the patients with Type 2 Diabetes how to go on a diet.
Materials and Methods: The current research is a quasi-experimental study. The studied population consists of 100 patients with Type 2 Diabetes in Tiran and Karvan counties and were randomly divided into two intervention (n=50) and control (n=50) groups. Data was collected through face to face interviews with patients using a researcher-made questionnaire with approved validity and reliability before and one month after the education. Furthermore, the collected data was analyzed by SPSS 19 and Chi-square test, Mann- Whitney, Paired t-test and independent T- test.
Results: After the intervention, a significant difference was seen between experimental and control groups in terms of scores of awareness, perceived susceptibility, perceived severity, perceived benefits, perceived barriers, self-efficacy and eating behavior (P<0.05). The mean of blood glucose in experimental group was significantly lower after educational intervention compared to pre-intervention (P<0.05).
Discussion and Conclusion: According to the present study, health belief model is efficient in educating the eating behaviors of diabetic patients

 
Keywords: Health Belief Model (HBM), Nutritional Behaviors, Type 2 Diabetes.
Full-Text [PDF 397 kb]   (117 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2018/11/23 | Accepted: 2019/02/16
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B D T, R T, SA J. ​The Effect of an Educational Intervention Based on Health Belief Model on Nutritional Behaviors in Type 2 Diabetics. MCS. 2019; 5 (4) :303-311
URL: http://mcs.ajaums.ac.ir/article-1-226-en.html


Volume 5, Issue 4 (Military Caring Sciences 2019) Back to browse issues page
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