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:: Volume 7, Issue 2 (Military Caring Sciences 2020) ::
MCS 2020, 7(2): 176-188 Back to browse issues page
Effect of Stress Coping Skills Training on the Job Stress of Iranian Nurses: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
Asghari JafarAbadi. M1 , Karimi. L2 , Rahimi Bashar. F3 , Vahedian Azimi. A4 , Khalil. R 5
1- Ph.D. of Biostatistics, Professor, Statistics and Epidemiology Department, Statistics and Epidemiology, Road Traffic Injury Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.
2- Ph.D. of Reproductive Health, Assistant Professor, Behavioral Sciences Research Center, Life Style Institute, Faculty of Nursing, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
3- Intensivist, Associate Professor, Anesthesia and Critical Care Department, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran.
4- Ph.D. of Nursing Education, Trauma Research Center, Faculty of Nursing, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
5- (Corresponding Author) Ph.D. of Nursing Education, Assistant Professor, Behavioral Sciences Research Center, Life Style Institute, Faculty of Nursing, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Abstract:   (231 Views)
Introduction: Nurses are more susceptible to stress due because of their career nature.  However, stress management is one of the components of health education. 
Objective: The aim of the present systematic review and meta-analysis was to examine the effect of teaching the stress coping skills on occupational stress in Iranian nurses.
Material and Methods: The current study was systematic review and meta-analysis performed until the early of April 2019. By searching phrases of “job stress, stress, nursing and nurse” in Persian databases such as SID, Mag Iran, Iran Medex, Iran Doc, and English equivalents including Scopus, Pub med, Web-of-science, Proquest, and Science direct, all relevant studies were extracted by using Boolean "AND" and "OR". Google Scholar search engine was searched in both Persian and English. The methodological quality of the papers was examined using the Cochrane-risk-of-bias tool.  Data were analyzed by the random effects model and heterogeneity by I2 index using STATA 11.
Results: Of a total of 1069 extracted studies, six studies have investigated the effect of stress coping skill training on occupational stress in nurses. The joint effect size (-1.77) indicated a reduction in the effect of interventions on stress, but the heterogeneity was very high (I2 = 3.85%). The results of meta-regression showed that none of the variables in the study such as publication year, sample size, and male to female ratio were heterogeneous.  To control heterogeneity, it reached zero (I2 = 0/00%) by the elimination of cast-away studies and the results showed that the interventions significantly reduced stress (Effect size: -0.57 (-0.81 -0.34) P< 0.001).
Discussion and Conclusion: Regarding the effect of training the stress coping skills on mitigating stressin nurses’ job it is recommended to implement interventional educations to reduce the stress of nurses.
Keywords: Coping Skills, Meta-Analysis, Nurses, Stress, Systematic Review.
Full-Text [PDF 794 kb]   (71 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Review Article | Subject: Special
Received: 2019/09/24 | Accepted: 2019/09/30 | Published: 2020/10/1
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M A J, L K, F R B, A V A, R K. Effect of Stress Coping Skills Training on the Job Stress of Iranian Nurses: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. MCS. 2020; 7 (2) :176-188
URL: http://mcs.ajaums.ac.ir/article-1-330-en.html

Volume 7, Issue 2 (Military Caring Sciences 2020) Back to browse issues page
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