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:: Volume 5, Issue 2 (Military Caring Sciences 2018) ::
MCS 2018, 5(2): 156-162 Back to browse issues page
Visual Media Education for Prevention of Iron Deficiency Anemia among High School Girls in Chabahar City
Vaezi. M1, Niknami. Sh 2, Hidarnia. A3, Goodarzi. A1
1- Ph.D., Student Health Education and Promotion, Iran, Tehran, Tarbiat Modares University, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Health Education Department.
2- Ph.D., Health Education, Professor, Iran, Tehran, Tarbiat Modares University, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Health Education Department.
3- Ph.D,. Health Education, Professor, Iran, Tehran, Tarbiat Modares University, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Health Education Department.
Abstract:   (2245 Views)

Introduction: Iron deficiency is one of the main causes of anemia, especially in girls. Approximately, more than 30% of the world population have anemia. This problem suggests general malnutrition or insufficient iron in diet.
Objective: This study aimed to investigate the effect of visual media education on awareness, attitude and function of female students in Chabahar regarding iron deficiency anemia.
Material and Methods: The present study is semi-experimental (case-control). The data were collected through researcher- made questionnaire which its validity and reliability was confirmed by content validity and test-retest reliability. The samples consisted of 140 high school students in Chabahar during 1392-93. They were randomly divided into intervention and control groups. In this interventional study, a 15-minute educational clip was produced for 14-19 year girls and a questionnaire was designed for this age group considering the context of educational clip. Then participants were given questionnaires during three stages including before, immediately after, a month after the intervention. Data were analyzed through descriptive tests, and RM ANOVA at the level of alpha 0.05.
Results: Totally, 140 students were randomly divided into intervention and control groups. The mean of awareness, attitude and practice about anemia was not statistically significant between control and case groups before the intervention while it was different after the intervention (P<0.05). Before the study, all patients claimed that the main sources of information were teachers (27.8%), medical team (20.0%), and friends (19.2%).
Discussion and Conclusion: This study indicated the effectiveness of educational clip on the awareness, attitude and short-term performance of students in terms of iron deficiency. So, it is recommended that health workers employ the educational plans widely to promote public health among high school girls.
 

Keywords: High School Girls, Iron Deficiency Anemia.
Full-Text [PDF 422 kb]   (324 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Applicable | Subject: Special
Received: 2016/02/12 | Accepted: 2018/10/11
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M V, Sh N, A H, A G. Visual Media Education for Prevention of Iron Deficiency Anemia among High School Girls in Chabahar City. MCS. 2018; 5 (2) :156-162
URL: http://mcs.ajaums.ac.ir/article-1-117-en.html


Volume 5, Issue 2 (Military Caring Sciences 2018) Back to browse issues page
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