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:: Volume 4, Issue 4 (Military Caring Sciences 2018) ::
MCS 2018, 4(4): 227-235 Back to browse issues page
The Effect of Basic Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Training, by the Presentation Method, on the Performance of Soldiers in Military Units
Chegeni. Z 1, Aliyari. Sh 2, Pishgooie. SAH 3
1- Iran, Tehran, AJA University of Medical Sciences, Faculty of Nursing.
2- Iran, Tehran, AJA University of Medical Sciences, Faculty of Nursing, Maternal Newborn Health Department.
3- Ph.D. in Nursing, Assistant Professor, Iran, Tehran, AJA University of Medical Sciences, Faculty of Nursing, Medical-Surgical Department.
Abstract:   (2020 Views)
Introduction: Cardiac arrest is one of the most common causes of mortality in Iran. The reaction of the first persons who deal with such patients in the first minutes of incidence is of great importance in the prognosis of the disease as well as death or survival of the patient.
Objective: the current study aimed at examining the effect of basic cardiopulmonary resuscitation training by the presentation method on soldiers’ performance.
Materials and Methods: In the current experimental study conducted in 2017, two military units were randomly selected in Khorramabad, Lorestan Province, Iran. A total of 28 soldiers were randomly selected from each unit and allocated into the intervention and control groups. A pre-test was conducted on both groups in order to evaluate the validity and reliability of the researcher-made performance checklist. Then, the intervention group was trained by the researcher using presentation method and the control group received the previously employed educations. After 1 week, the post-test was performed on both groups. Finally, the data were analyzed using Fisher statistical exact test, t test, and paired t test with SPSS version16.
Results: There was no significant difference between the 2 groups in terms of demographic characteristics (P>0.05). The mean performance score before and after the intervention were 2.56 ± 1.68 and 2.08 ± 1.70 in the intervention group (P>0.05), while 20.16 ± 2.17 and 1.48 ± 2.16 in the control group, respectively. Independent t test showed a significant difference between the groups in terms of the post-test scores (P<0.001). Paired t test showed a significant difference between the pretest and posttest scores of cardiopulmonary resuscitation in the intervention group (P<0.001), but the difference between the pretest and posttest scores of the control group was insignificant (P<0.05).
Discussion and Conclusion: The results showed the effectiveness of cardiopulmonary resuscitation training in the intervention group. Consequently, due to the remarkable effect of such trainings on soldiers by the presentation method, it is recommended to hold basic cardiopulmonary resuscitation training workshops by the same method for the army task force in order to improve their performance.

 
 
Keywords: Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation, Performance, Presentation Teaching Method, Soldiers.
Full-Text [PDF 419 kb]   (292 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2017/10/30 | Accepted: 2018/01/1 | Published: 2018/05/6
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Z C, Sh A, SAH P. The Effect of Basic Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Training, by the Presentation Method, on the Performance of Soldiers in Military Units . MCS. 2018; 4 (4) :227-235
URL: http://mcs.ajaums.ac.ir/article-1-188-en.html


Volume 4, Issue 4 (Military Caring Sciences 2018) Back to browse issues page
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