[Home ] [Archive]   [ فارسی ]  
:: Main :: About :: Current Issue :: Archive :: Search :: Submit :: Contact ::
:: Volume 5, Issue 4 (Military Caring Sciences 2019) ::
MCS 2019, 5(4): 263-272 Back to browse issues page
The Relationship Between "Quality of life" and Social Support of the Retired Military Personnel
Goudarz talejerdi. M 1, Vahdani nia. V2
1- MSc in Rehabilitation Management. AJA University of Medical Science, Tehran Iran.
2- (Corresponding Author) Ph.D. in Public Policy, AJA University of Medical Science, Tehran, Iran.
Abstract:   (838 Views)
Introduction: The heavy physical and mental pressure and stress in military career increases the sensitivity and importance of social support in the retired army officers and personnel. Specifically, their quality of life during the retirement are affected by the physical and mental damage resulting from the military service and life style.
Objective: This research investigated the relationship between the quality of life of military personnel and social support from the society.
Materials and Methods: This is a cross-sectional and correlational study. The study population included all the retired military personnel referring to the Army Retirements Center. The sample size was 146 of which 132 (82.9) were male. The mean of age and standard deviation of respondents were 65.4 (5.09) years; they were selected by random cluster sampling. To collect data, a three questionnaires like Norbeck Social Support Questionnaire, Elderly Specific Questionnaire a questionnaire for the evaluation of quality life (lipad) were used. Data were analyzed using SPSS 20. And the significant level of P was considered.
Results: The mean of quality of life was 47.3 (SD 5.4) which suggests the average level and the mean of social unsupportiveness was 18.9. The relationship between social support and quality of life was statistically significant (P=0.002).
Discussion and Conclusion: As the evaluations showed the average quality life of retired military personnel and the changes of social support plays a pivotal role in the shaping this status , the policy makers must focus on increasing  the social support to improve the quality of life of retired military personnel.

Keywords: Community of Retirement’s Military, Quality of life, Social Support.
Full-Text [PDF 384 kb]   (201 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2019/02/14 | Accepted: 2019/02/26 | Published: 2019/05/15
1. HasanPour-Dehkordi A, Delaram M, Foruzandeh N, Ganji F, Bakhsha F, Sadegi B. A survey on quality of life in patients with myocardial infarction, referred to Shahrekord Hagar hospital in 2005. Journal of Shahrekord Uuniversity of Medical Sciences. 2007;9.
2. WHO. WHOQOL: Measuring Quality of Life. Available from: https://www.who.int/healthinfo/survey/whoqol-qualityoflife/en/.
3. MohtashamAmiri Z, Farazmand A, Toloei M. Causes of Patients’ Hospitalization in Guilan University Hospitals. . J Guilan Univ Med Sci. 2002;11:28-32.
4. Division UNDoEaSAP. World Population Prospects: The 2008 Revision 2009. Available from: https://www.un.org/en/development/desa/population/publications/database/index.asp.
5. Rashedi V, Gharib M, Yazdani AA. Social participation and mental health among older adults in Iran. Iranian Rehabilitation Journal. 2014;12:9-13.
6. Moradi S. Study of the relationship between social participation and quality of life of Ageing centers of Tehran (MS Thesis). Tehran: University of Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences; 2012.
7. Herawi-Karimoi M. Expressed views about the feeling lonely Iran Ageing: A phenomenological qualitative research. Iranian journal of ageing. 2006;2:111-23.
8. Alipour F, Sajadi H, Forouzan A, Nabavi H, Khedmati E. The role of social support in the anxiety and depression of elderly. Iran J Age. 2009;4:53-61.
9. Ardalan A, Mazaheri M, Naieni K, Rezaie M, Teimoori F, Pourmalek F. Older people's needs following major disasters: a qualitative study of Iranian elders' experiences of the Bam earthquake. Ageing & Society. 2010;30:11-23.
10. Farsi Z, Jabari M, Ebadi A. General health assessment of Army soldiers seen in a military medical outpatient clinic in Tehran. Annal Mil Health Sci Res. 2006;4:923-30.
11. Santos A, Pal S, Chacon J, Meraz K, Gonzalez J, Prieto K, et al. SUMOylation affects the interferon blocking activity of the influenza A nonstructural protein NS1 without affecting its stability or cellular localization. J Virol. 2013;87:5602-20. DOI: 10.1128/JVI.02063-12 PMID:23468495 [DOI] [PubMed]
12. Zhang X, Norris SL, Gregg EW, Beckles G. Social support and mortality among older persons with diabetes. Diabetes Educ. 2007;33:273-81. DOI: 10.1177/0145721707299265 PMID:17426302 [DOI] [PubMed]
13. Chalise HN, Kai I, Saito T. Social support and its correlation with loneliness: a cross-cultural study of Nepalese older adults. Int J Aging Hum Dev. 2010;71:115-38. DOI: 10.2190/AG.71.2.b PMID:20942230 [DOI] [PubMed]
14. Da Graça Esgalhado M, Reis M, Pereira H, Afonso R. Influence of social support on the psychological well-being and mental health of older adults livingin assisted-living residences. Int J Develop Educ Psychol. 2010;1:267-78.
15. Dehejia RH, Wahba S. Propensity score-matching methods for nonexperimental causal studies. Review of Economics and statistics. 2002;84:151-61.
16. Eftekharian R, Kaldi A, Sum S, Sahaf R, Fadaye Vatan R. Validity and reliability of Persian version of Onyx Social Capital Scale in elderly people. Iranian Journal of Ageing. 2016;11:174-89.
17. Jalilian A, Rafiey H. Reliability and validity of the Persian version of Norbeck social support questionnaire. Tehran: University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences. 2008.
18. Mohagheghi K, Sajadi H, Zare H, Biglarian A. Elderly quality of life: a comparison between pensioners of social security organization and national retirement fund (Qom County, 2006). Health Management. 2007;10:49-56.
19. Sadeghi F. Survey of relation between perceived social support and psychological well-being in old men and old women. Tehran: University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences. 2011.
20. Babapour M, Raheb G, Eglima M. The relationship between social support and life satisfaction among elderly nursing home residents in Tehran. Salmand. 2014;9:6-13.
21. Cohen S. Social relationships and health. . American Psychologist. 2004;59:676.
22. Lang F, Baltes M. Being with people and being alone in late life: Costs and benefits for everyday functioning. Int J Behav Develop. 1997;21:729-46.
Send email to the article author

Add your comments about this article
Your username or Email:


XML   Persian Abstract   Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

M G T, V V N. The Relationship Between "Quality of life" and Social Support of the Retired Military Personnel. MCS. 2019; 5 (4) :263-272
URL: http://mcs.ajaums.ac.ir/article-1-247-en.html

Volume 5, Issue 4 (Military Caring Sciences 2019) Back to browse issues page
مجله علوم مراقبتی نظامی Military Caring Sciences Journal
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.04 seconds with 30 queries by YEKTAWEB 4256