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:: Volume 2, Issue 4 (Military Caring Sciences 2016) ::
MCS 2016, 2(4): 229-237 Back to browse issues page
Health Literacy and Oral Health in Primary School Students of District 14 in Tehran, Iran
Goodarzi. A *1, Tavafian. SS1, Hidarnia. SS1, Ziaoddini. H2
1- Tarbiat Modares University, Faculty of Health Sciences,Health Education Department.
2- Research Education Studies, Health Education Department
Abstract:   (14512 Views)

Background: Since students are the future builders and human resources of any community and have special roles in transferring the health concepts, maintaining and improving health are of utmost importance.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to assess health literacy and oral health among primary students in Tehran, Iran. For this purpose, fourth-grade female students in all the elementary schools of district 14 in Tehran were assessed.

Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional study, all the students (50) in the academic year of 2012-2013 were assessed by systematic cluster sampling method in terms of health literacy (knowledge, attitude and practice) and oral health. The data collection tool was a self-made questionnaire, the validity and reliability of which was confirmed. The available samples were analyzed using SPSS software version 16.

Results: Totally, 50 students took part in the study. The mean knowledge score was 14.53 ± 0.5413; 20.8% of them had good knowledge and 54.2% had moderate awareness. The mean score of attitude was 18.76 ± 0.6409; 14.3% of the participants had positive attitudes towards oral health and 36.7% had intermediate attitudes. There were significant correlations between family size and knowledge score (P<0.001) as well as that with behavior (P<0.05). The parents’ levels of education had significant effects on positive attitudes of the student.

Discussion and Conclusion: The study results indicated a moderate knowledge and attitude of the students in terms of oral and dental hygiene. With more educated parents, positive attitude of students towards health care providers will increase, since the students’ main source of information was their health care teachers. It seems that positive results can be achieved through education.

Keywords: Attitude, Knowledge, Oral health, Practice, Students.
Full-Text [PDF 568 kb]   (4846 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2015/04/19 | Accepted: 2016/01/3 | Published: 2016/03/8
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A G, SS T, SS H, H Z. Health Literacy and Oral Health in Primary School Students of District 14 in Tehran, Iran. MCS. 2016; 2 (4) :229-237
URL: http://mcs.ajaums.ac.ir/article-1-88-en.html

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