[Home ] [Archive]   [ فارسی ]  
:: Main :: About :: Current Issue :: Archive :: Search :: Submit :: Contact ::
:: Volume 3, Issue 1 (Military Caring Sciences 2016) ::
MCS 2016, 3(1): 41-46 Back to browse issues page
Traditional and Modern Teaching Methods in Improving Eating Behaviors of Female Elementary School Students in Chabahar, Iran
Khakpoor. S1, Niknami. Sh 2, Tavafian. SS2, Goodarzi. A1
1- TarbiatModarres University, Faculty of Medical Sciences.
2- TarbiatModarres University, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Health Education Department.
Abstract:   (11950 Views)

Introduction: Implementation of nutrition education in schools is one of the strategies to improve nutrition behaviors.

Objectives: This study aimed to compare the efficacy of traditional and modern education on knowledge, attitude and dietary behavior of female students in Chabahar in 2014.

Materials and Methods: This was a semi-experiential research conducted on two groups of 70 students, selected randomly from two primary schools in Chabahar County, Iran. Training intervention was then made into the first group using traditional method, and in the second group using multimedia package. Three nutritional variables of the target students, namely knowledge, attitude, and behavior were measured using researcher-designed questionnaires filled out by the students in three stages: before, immediately after, and two months after training. The data collection tool was a self-made questionnaire. The validity confirmation and the reliability of available samples were approved and SPSS 16 software was used for data analysis.

Results: Before the intervention, no significant differences were observed between the two groups in terms of nutritional knowledge, attitude, or behavior (P=0.947, P=0.14, and P=0.71, respectively). After the intervention, knowledge scores in both groups increased significantly (P<0.05). After two months, the attitude and behavior scores increased in both groups compared to before the intervention (3.5, 28.02), but was not statistically significant (P>0.05).

Discussion and Conclusion: The results confirmed the fact that knowledge does not necessarily lead to a change of attitude in an individual’s health behavior. Therefore, nutritional knowledge is not the only factor affecting dietary behavior. In other words, poor nutrition is a multifactor problem and other factors may be responsible for it as well.

Keywords: Traditional Education, Training, Multimedia, Feeding Behavior, Elementary School Students.
Full-Text [PDF 304 kb]   (2545 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2015/04/19 | Accepted: 2016/02/2 | Published: 2016/06/20
1. Selwitz RH, Ismail AI, Pitts NB. Dental caries. Lancet. 2007;369(9555):51-9. DOI: 10.1016/S0140-6736(07)60031-2 PMID: 17208642 [DOI] [PubMed]
2. Bray GA, Champagne CM. Beyond energy balance: there is more to obesity than kilocalories. J Am Diet Assoc. 2005;105(5 Suppl 1):S17-23. DOI: 10.1016/j.jada.2005.02.018 PMID: 15867891
3. Glanz K, Rimer BK, Viswanath K. Health behavior and health education: Theory, research, and practice: Wiley; 2008.
4. World Health Organization. Diet, nutrition at the prevention of chronic diseases. WHO technical report series 916. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2003.
5. Clark G, Ferguson J, editors. Hanging around the ward: Opportunistic education in an acute adolescent in-patient unit. Australian and New Zealand College of Mental Health Nurses 32nd Annual International Conference; 2006; Australia.
6. Vander Wal JS, Waller SM, Klurfeld DM, McBurney MI, Cho S, Kapila M, et al. Effect of a post-dinner snack and partial meal replacement program on weight loss. Int J Food Sci Nutr. 2006;57(1-2):97-106. DOI: 10.1080/09637480600658369 PMID: 16849118 [DOI] [PubMed]
7. Tehrani H, Khanjani N, Majlessi F, Sadeghi R, Doostan F. Modern media-based intervention on promotion of women’s physical activity. Wulfenia J. 2014;21(6):260-70.
8. LaBarbera M. Utilization of online media to educate children about healthy eating habits. J Nut Edu Behav. 2010;42(4):S96. DOI: 10.1016/j.jneb.2010.03.069 [DOI]
9. Saffari M, Shojaiee D, Mahmoudi M, Hosseini SR. [Compare the effect of diet education on knowledge and attitude to lecture and screening of health volunteers]. J Payesh. 2012;10(1):63-71.
10. Hockenberry MJ, Wilson D. Wong's nursing care of infants and children: Elsevier Health Sciences; 2014.
11. Yoon HS, Yang HL, Her ES. Effect of nutrition education program on nutrition knowledge, dietary diversity of elementary school children. J Comm Nutr. 2000;5(3):521.
12. Perry CL, Zauner M, Oakes JM, Taylor G, Bishop DB. Evaluation of a theater production about eating behavior of children. J Sch Health. 2002;72(6):256-61. PMID: 12212411 [PubMed]
13. Ghaffari M, Hidarniya AR, Yadegari MH, Kazemnejad A. Evaluation of the impact of health education program on reducing Tinea Capitis in Chabahar city boys in elementary school. J Bimonth Scient Res Shahed Uni. 2004;51(3):55-63.
14. Himathongkam T. Preventing childhood obesity: How effective are school health programs? MPP George Town University. 2011;56(4):140-8.
15. Lin W, Hang CM, Yang HC, Hung MH. 2005-2008 Nutrition and Health Survey in Taiwan: the nutrition knowledge, attitude and behavior of 19-64 year old adults. Asia Pac J Clin Nutr. 2011;20(2):309-18. PMID: 21669600 [PubMed]
Send email to the article author

Add your comments about this article
Your username or Email:


XML   Persian Abstract   Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

S K, Sh N, SS T, A G. Traditional and Modern Teaching Methods in Improving Eating Behaviors of Female Elementary School Students in Chabahar, Iran. MCS. 2016; 3 (1) :41-46
URL: http://mcs.ajaums.ac.ir/article-1-89-en.html

Volume 3, Issue 1 (Military Caring Sciences 2016) Back to browse issues page
مجله علوم مراقبتی نظامی Military Caring Sciences Journal
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.05 seconds with 30 queries by YEKTAWEB 4219